Maritime transport research

Cargo on a ship.
Photo: Corepics

VTI is increasingly investing in research within maritime transports. In recent years, several employees with a background in maritime transport research have been recruited. VTI is also utilising the competence found within other modes of transport at the institute for the purpose of maritime transport research.

VTI has maritime competence within, for example, transport economics, linked to freight transport and ports. Furthermore, maritime transport competence is found within behavioural science, economics, logistics, traffic analysis, environment and traffic safety.

At VTI there is a maritime transport group consisting of around ten employees who are working, partly or entirely, in maritime transport projects, where the knowledge produced within both national and international research is shared in order to expand VTI's overall competence within the field.

Reports published in english

Modal shift for an environmental lift? Final report MOSEL (2021, Summary in English, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency). External link.

New pre-study: healthcare can be better on board (2021, Summary in English, Lighthouse) External link.

Size, specialization and flexibility: the role of ports in a sustainable transport system (2020, DiVA) External link.

Evaluation of the Swedish Maritime Administration’s new system for fairway dues and pilot fees : a model comparison for the period 2017 to 2019 (2020, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

Impact of climate change on shipping and aviation — An overview as a basis to an action plan (2018, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

An evaluation of the environmentally differentiated fairway dues in Sweden 1998-2017 (2018, DiVA) External link.

Organization of pilot and icebreaking in the Nordic countries and update of the external costs of sea transports in Sweden: a report in SAMKOST 3 (2018, DiVA) External link.

Modelling sea transport loops. (2017, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

The cost of Swedish maritime accidents. Valuation of vessel damages, oil spills and casualties (2016, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

Evaluating cost benefit analyses for investments in fairways – A study of the investments in the fairways leading to the ports of Gothenburg, Norrköping and Gävle. (2016, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

Validation of sea transports in Samgods model. Version 1.1 (2016, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

Cost benefit analysis for sea transport projects (2015, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

External costs in the transport scenarios with increased use of sea transports (2015, Summary in English, DiVA) External link.

Scientific articles

How (in)elastic is the demand for short-sea shipping? A review of elasticities and application of different models to Swedish freight flows (2021, Taylor & Francis Online) Länk till annan webbplats. External link.

A Review of Port Initiatives to Promote Freight Modal Shifts in Europe: Evidence from Port Governance Systems (2021, Sustainability, MDPI journals) External link.

The impact of alternative environmentally differentiated fairway dues systems in Sweden (2020, DiVA). External link.

Internalization of external and infrastructure costs related to maritime transport in Sweden (2020, DiVA) External link.

Validation of a behavioral marker system for rating cadet's non-technical skills (2019, DiVA) External link.

Evaluating the external costs of a modal shift from rail to sea: An application to Sweden's east coast container movements (2019, DiVA) External link.

Evaluating the external costs of trailer transport: a comparison of sea and road (2018, DiVA) External link.

Effects of more stringent sulphur requirements for sea transports (2015, DiVA) External link.

The Swedish Maritime Administration

A partnership agreement between VTI and the Swedish Maritime Administration (SMA) has been concluded with the aim of enhanced cooperation in terms of knowledge exchange and research. The agreement is also a step in achieving the Swedish transport policy objectives.


Since 2018, VTI has been one of the members of the Swedish Maritime Competence Centre Lighthouse. Here, all Swedish players within maritime research, development, innovation and demonstration are gathered. The purpose of the organisation is firstly to have the maritime sector included in already ongoing research and innovation programmes (R&I programmes), and secondly to contribute to the formation of specific maritime-oriented R&I programmes. Lighthouse also participates in the work on formulating the Swedish official comments on the EU's framework programmes for research.

Lighthouse External link.

International cooperation

VTI also engages in maritimetransport research cooperation with research institutes and universities in other parts of Europe. One of the most established partnerships is between VTI and researchers at TØI, the Institute of Transport Economics in Norway, where cooperation takes place within several projects.

The VTI researchers Axel Merkel and Inge Vierth are involved in the International Transport Forum (ITF) project Decarbonising Transport – Driving implementation actions’ project (DT-Implement), that is part of ITF's Decarbonising Transport initiative, and funded by the European Commission H2020 framework.

International Transport Forum, ITF External link.


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