Svante Mandell


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Svantes forskningsresultat


Why truck distance taxes are contagious and drive fuel taxes to the bottom

This paper analyzes the way in which countries with international and local truck traffic decide to switch from a simple fuel tax system to a dual system of fuel and distance charge taxes. We show what drives a country to switch and how this affects...

The effect of minimum parking requirements on the housing stock

The cost of parking is in many cities subsidized and instead channelled through higher housing prices, wages, taxes, etc. The effects on other markets are principally well known, but the work on the area is limited. In this paper, we study how...

Freight transport, policy instruments and climate

The impact of policy instruments supposed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from road freight transports may seem smaller than expected. Using insights from economics and contract theory, the paper sorts out the (possible) instances of market...

Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel

I denna rapport diskuterar vi flera dimensioner av hur växthusgaserna från godstransportsektorn ska kunna minskas. Till exempel diskuterar vi införandet av så kallade Gröna korridorer och förslår verktyg för att lösa de komplexa koordinationsproblem...

Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel

VTI notat 28-2014 innehåller de tio underlagsrapporter som ligger till grund för VTI rapport 831: ”Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel – Sammanfattande rapport”. I VTI rapport 831 diskuterar forskarna flera dimensioner av hur...

Too much balance in unbalanced bidding

This article adds to the theoretical base of unbalanced bidding in auction theory. The importance of this concept is justified by being a decisive feature in the make-or-buy decision of a client who cannot rely on repeated interaction, often the...

Carbon Emissions and Cost Benefit Analyses

New infrastructure projects may affect CO2 emissions and, thus, cost benefit analyses for these projects require a value to apply for CO2. This may be based on the marginal social cost of emissions or on the carbon price resulting from present and...

Financial infrastructure and house prices

We argue that banks operating in a local market possess better information about the local housing market than do non-local banks. Possessing this information may influence their willingness to grant loans to house buyers and the specifics of the...

Fungerar godstransportmarknaden effektivt?

En stor andel av landets sammanlagda förbrukning av energi används inom transportsektorn, och cirka en tredjedel av denna förbrukning avser godstrafik. Med undantag för åren direkt efter finanskrisen ökar godstrafiken från år till år, och därmed...

On assessing climate effects of electrifying the transport sector

Shifting transportation to electrified modes, e.g., rail, is a politically attractive way of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector. There is a vivid debate about the effects such a shift has on GHG emission and how...

Vart tar pengarna vägen?

Det är inte möjligt att följa kostnaderna för infrastrukturinvesteringar från regeringens investeringsplan och riksdagens budgetbeslut till kostnaden vid upphandlingstillfället och till slutlig resursförbrukning. I uppsatsen diskuteras tänkbara...

På spaning efter den innovativa myndigheten

Regeringen har högt ställda ambitioner vad gäller produktivitetsutveckling och nytänkande i offentlig sektor. Man vill bland annat stärka innovationsbenägenheten för att få ut mer av de resurser som idag förbrukas och den vägen möta en del av de...

Vart tar pengarna vägen?

Det mesta talar för att det till mycket begränsade kostnader går att utforma system som gör det möjligt att dra lärdomar av både goda och mindre goda erfarenheter och därmed förbättra kostnadseffektiviteten för infrastrukturinvesteringar i offentlig...

Climate effects of electrifying the transport sector

This paper discusses principles for identifying and appraising the impact on GHG (green house gases) emissions from electrifying transportation. We are primarily interested in the road-to-rail case, but the principles apply to other cases as well,...

Carbon Emission Values in Cost Benefit Analyses

New infrastructure projects may affect CO(2) emissions and, thus, cost benefit analyses for these projects require a value to apply for CO(2). This may be based on the marginal social cost of emissions or on the shadow price resulting from present...

Willingness to pay for sustainable housing

This paper analyzed the differences between house buyers when valuing environmental characteristics associated with the house. The theoretical framework used is based on hedonic modeling, but the second stage is estimated by assuming a translog...

Quantity Choice in Unit Price Contract Procurements

We study the optimal quantity to procure when unit price contracts (UPC) are used and there is uncertainty surrounding the actualrequired quantity will be. The model shows that the optimal quantity, i.e., the one that minimizes the procurer’s...

Quantity choice in unit price contract procurements

A common approach for procuring large construction projects is through Unit Price Contracts. By the means of a simple model, we study the optimal quantity to procure under uncertainty regarding the actual required quantity given that the procurer...

Why are bids not more unbalanced?

Earlier theoretical models of unbalanced bidding in unit price contracts (UPC) ofter predict corner solutions, i.e. zero bids for unit prices of expected overextimated quantities. However, anecdotal evidence indicates a lack of zero bids in the...

Hantering av klimatvärdering i infrastrukturprojekt

I denna rapport analyseras principer för hur ett monetärt värde för koldioxidutsläpp i samhällsekonomiskakalkyler av infrastrukturprojekt kan fastställas. I syftet ingår också att behandla de fundamentalaosäkerheter som uppstår i samband med...

Opportunity cost for Free Allocations of Emissions Permits

An important feature of emissions trading is how emissions permits are allocated. The choice between an auction and free allocation should not influence firms' production choices nor consumer prices according to economic theory. However, many...

Steering the European transport greenhouse gas emissions under uncertainty

This paper addresses how to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector when abatement costs are uncertain. In ail EU context, it is shown that a combination of a cap-and-trade system and emission taxes is preferable as it minimises...

Willingness to pay for sustainable housing

Over the last decades there has been an increasing focus on how to build a sustainable society and in particular on how to design policies that pushes the society into a more sustainable direction. The present paper aims at analysing differences...

Carbon emission values in cost benefit analyses

New infrastructure projects may affect CO2 emissions and, thus, cost benefit analyses for these projects require a value to apply for CO2. The value may be based on the marginal social cost associated with emissions or on the shadow price resulting...

Teaching Opportunity Cost in an Emissions Permit Experiment

This paper describes an individual choice experiment that can be used to teach students how to correctly account for opportunity costs in production decisions. Students play the role of producers that require a fuel input and an emissions permit for...

A comparison of unit price and fixed price contracts for infrastructure construction...

Today’s dominant mechanism for infrastructure project tendering is the Unit Price Contract (UPC). While the winning bidder retains risk related to the unit price bids submitted, the Principal carries all risk related to misspecification of the...

Policies towards a more efficient car fleet

Transportation within the EU, as in most of the industrialized world, shows an increasing trend in CO2 emissions. This calls for measures to decrease the amount of transportation but also to increase the efficiency in the vehicle fleet. To achieve...

Pricing strategies under emissions trading

Transportation within the EU, as in most of the industrialized world, shows an increasing trend in CO2 emissions. This calls for measures both to decrease the amount of transportation and/or to increase the efficiency in the vehicle fleet. The...

Prices and quantities in a climate policy setting

This paper takes its departure in two observations from the EU’s climate policy. First, the EU has adopted a dual approach with a trading scheme covering CO2 emissions from the energy intensive industry, while the remaining emitters are subject to...

Incentives for innovation and adoption of new technology under emissions trading

A common claim in both the public and academic debate is that a tradable emission permits scheme does not provide sufficient incentives for R&D investments. The present paper addresses R&D investments and penetration rates of new technology focusing...

Optimal mix of emissions taxes and cap-and-trade

In practice, different emitters of a particular pollutant are sometimes subjected to different control mechanisms. This paper focuses on the situation where a part of the economy is regulated by a cap-and-trade program, while the rest is subjected...

Steering the European transport greenhouse gas emissions under uncertainty

This paper addresses how to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector when abatement costs are uncertain. In an EU context, it is shown that a combination of a cap-and-trade system and emission taxes is preferable as it minimizes...

Policies towards a more efficient car fleet

Transportation within the EU, as in most of the industrialized world, shows an increasing trend in CO2 emissions. This calls for measures both to decrease the amount of transportation and/or to increase the efficiency in the vehicle fleet. The...

The choice of multiple or single auctions in emissions trading

Whether CO2 permit auctions should be held on one, several or many occasions per commitment period has not been discussed at any length in the literature. When at all observed, auction frequency has often been set at once per month or quarter. Here,...