EU project on gender equality and diversity in the transport sector: TInnGO

The TInnGO (Transport Innovation Gender Observatory) project 2019–2021 addressed gender and diversity and transportation and contributed with new knowledge to current transport and mobility developments in Europe by:

  • Focusing on intersectional perspectives, for example, related to socio economic and cultural aspects, in combination with gender, class, ethnicity, and age particularly in relation to smart and sustainable mobility.
  • By creating gender and diversity awareness and action plans (GaDAP) which can be translated into different cultural contexts to develop gender and diversity sensitive smart mobility as a fundamental component of a smart city.

TInnGO had a unique comparative approach enabling contributions from researchers and stakeholders from 13 European countries in 10 hubs: Denmark/Sweden, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the UK. The hubs were organized around local contexts and addressed gender and diversity in relation to local problems. These employed qualitative and quantitative research methods, combining hands-on knowledge, concrete actions, and best practices to develop gender and diversity sensitive smart mobilities and solutions through Living Lab workshops and networking.

TInnGO developed a methodology for intersectional analysis and planning called Gender and Diversity Action Planning – GaDAP. The argument for this was that planning, organising, maintaining, and using the transport system are all gendered, while also intersecting with other social positions. This means that without an intersectional gender perspective, in which the gender perspective is combined with other considerations such as age, ethnicity, functional variation, education, and socioeconomic status, actions and measures will not be able to meet the various needs and interests of different social groups. To support the process with GaDAP, TInnGO has identified five overarching dimensions that together capture areas that need to be taken into account in planning and implementation: affordable, effective, attractive, sustainable and inclusive.

The results were disseminated, among other things, through 11 policy briefs. The researchers have also published reports, articles and conference papers. An important part of TInnGO was to continuously disseminate experiences and communicate digitally during the work process via the TInnGO Observatory External link. and offer interactive knowledge development, among other things in the form of an interactive training material External link.. The website lives on after the project period (but is not updated as often) and there are also links to TInnGO's data repository, publications, the hubs' subprojects and project results.

More about the project

Some of them can also be read on the web page TInnGO Publications External link.

Breengaard M.H., Henriksson M., Wallsten A., 2021. Smart and Inclusive Bicycling? Non-users’ Experience of Bike-Sharing Schemes in Scandinavia. In Krömker H. (eds) HCI in Mobility, Transport, and Automotive Systems. HCII 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 12791. Springer, Cham.
Smart and Inclusive Bicycling? Non-users’ Experience of Bike-Sharing Schemes in Scandinavia ( External link.

Henriksson, M., Wallsten A., Ihlström, J., 2021. Can bike-sharing contribute to transport justice? Exploring a municipal bike-sharing system. In Transportation Research Part D.
Can bike-sharing contribute to transport justice? Exploring a municipal bike-sharing system ( External link.

Henriksson, M., Levin, L., Nuruzzaman, R. Gadap — nytt metodverktyg för jämställdhet och jämlikhet i transportplaneringenaman. I Eriksson, L., Isaksson, K. & Witzell, J. (red.) 2021. På väg mot hållbar omställning? Kunskap, makt och mening i nationell transportplanering, sid. 86–94.

Hvidt Breengaard, M., Rømer Christensen, H., Levin, L., Pedersen, S. 2019. TInnGO Educational Manual: From Gender-Blind to Gender Smart Mobility. Deliverable D.4.2 TInnGO, EU.

Hvidt Breengaard, M., Rømer Christensen, H., Levin, L., Henriksson, M. 2021. Report on GaDAPs in Gender Smart Mobility. Report D4.8. TInnGO, European Commission.

Ihlström, J., Levin, L. Henriksson, M. 2019. Review of methods and tools for gender and diversity mainstreaming. Deliverable 6.1 TInnGO. EU.

Levin, L., Bridgman, J., Constantin, I., Hvidt Breengaard, M., Costa, M., Lynce, A.R. 2020. Methods and tools to measure gender issues based around intersectional analysis. D6.2 TInnGO, EU.

Levin L., 2021. How to advance theories of gender and intersectionality into practice for transport planning. Paper presented at 10th International Symposium on Travel Demand Management, 17/11/21 – 19/11/21. Published in Gender and Equality in Transport. Proceedings of the 2021 Travel Demand Management Symposium.

Levin, L. et al, 2021. Report from the case studies – Gender and diversity impact assessment methods and tools. Deliverable 6.3. TInnGO. European Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.

Levin, L., Henriksson, M., Hvidt Breengaard, M., Rømer Christensen, H. 2022. Smart mobility for all – a gender and diversity sensitive methodology (GaDAP). Paper for 14th ITS European Congress, Toulouse, France, 30 May-1 June 2022.

Rømer Christensen, H., Hvidt Breengaard, M., Levin, L. 2023. Gender Smart Mobility. Concepts, Methods, and Practices. London: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781003191025
Gender Smart Mobility. Concepts, Methods, and Practices ( External link.

Woodcock, A., Christensen, H.R., Levin, L. 2020. TInnGO: Challenging Gender Inequality in Smart Mobility. Journal of Road and Traffic Engineering, 66(2).
TInnGO: Challenging Gender Inequality in Smart Mobility External link.


This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824349.


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