Urban Road Accidents in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Download
Ishtiaque Ahmed
Bayes Ahmed

Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, is the most vulnerable city both in terms of total number of accidents and accident rates. A total number of 2,720 accidents occurred during 2007-2011. This has caused a total of 1,481 numbers of pedestrian fatal accidents with 1,562 pedestrian fatal casualties. The primary objective of the paper is to study the characteristics of the road traffic accidents in Dhaka. The study area for this study is Dhaka Metropolitan Area. The paper focused on a few selected parameters a) Trend in overall accident rates b) Monthly variation of accident rates c) Accidents by severity levels d) Collision types e) Accidents in different lighting conditions. The raw data in the form of Accident Report Forms (ARFs) were collected from Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP). A GIS database was prepared for accidents showing locations and details for the period of 2007-2011. The analysis showed that on an average, the total number of traffic accidents is reduced by 11% each year. No profound effect of weather/season on road accidents is found. Fatal accidents and motor collisions are decreasing while injury accidents are increasing. Most traffic accidents: cause fatality (69%) and hit a pedestrian (60%). Fifty four percept of the accidents occurred during daytime. The paper recommends improvement measures for the road accident data collection and management system in Dhaka, Bangladesh. That includes the training need for the police staff, need for a geo-referenced database for data storage and management and involvement of multiple agencies in the process. This paper also recommends further studies on the extent and characteristics of underreporting of accidents.

MEET US


25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.
13-14
Oct

Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis: European Conference 2020

VTI organises Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis: European Conference 2020. 
4-6
Nov

International Cycling Safety Conference

Swedish Cycling Research Centre, Cykelcentrum, organises together with Lund University the International Cycling Safety Conference, ICSC, in Lund 4-6 November 2020.

LATEST NEWS


2020-03-25

Connected vehicles solve parking problems

Vehicles circulating in the city centre in search of a free parking space is a growing problem. A cloud service that tracks the traffic situation and the availability of free parking spaces could reduce both traffic and congestion.


2020-03-20

More International Collaborations for VTI and Sweden

VTI’s highly sought-after expertise is put to use through a well-developed network of international collaborations. A memorandum of understanding with Malaysia is the latest of VTI’s bilateral cooperation agreements.


2020-03-04

Study on driver sleepiness at VTI

Driver fatigue and especially driver sleepiness are common contributing causes of crashes. Since January, a study has been underway at VTI where researchers are investigating how drivers' sleepiness and attention are affected by systems for partially...


2020-02-27

Sustainable business travel

Almost 40 per cent of distance travelled in Sweden is business travel (including study trips) and 66 per cent of those are by car. This is therefore an area where great environmental gains can be made if more sustainable modes of transport were used.


2020-02-24

A new project aims to improve the safety of bus companies

The safety culture of the bus industry is the focus of a new research project at VTI. The aim is to study factors that affect safe and legal behaviour in traffic, and how such behaviour can be encouraged.


2020-02-21

VTI part of Swedish-Indian collaboration for increased traffic safety

More than 150,000 traffic-related fatalities occur annually in India. Cooperation between Swedish and Indian companies and institutions is now being formed to greatly reduce these. The lessons learned will be utilized for development needs in different parts...