Young novice drivers, driver education and training: literature review

Download
Inger Engström
Nils Petter Gregersen
Kati Hernetkoski
Esko Keskinen
Anders Nyberg

A great many people are killed or seriously injured in road traffic with young novice drivers every year, which constitutes a major public health problem. Considering the rapid progress being made in developing different road safety measures, new knowledge must be spread more quickly and be put into application. Therefore, VTI and the University of Turku has carried out this literature review about young novice drivers, driver education and training. The review was carried out from January to April 2003. The aims were to review literature concerning:

1. Driving behaviour and accident involvement during the first years with a licence, including the underlying psychological and social processes as well as in-vehicle support systems and their implication for young, novice drivers.

2. Methods and incentives used to influence young drivers' attitudes and behaviour, with special attention to alcohol, seat belt use and speeding.

3. The impact of high school driver education on young novice drivers' safety.

4. The impact of different licensing systems on young novice drivers' safety.

In all, this review contains 322 different references. As a result of the review, conclusions were drawn about the accident situation for young novice drivers, the different psychological, social and pedagogical processes that contribute to their driving behaviour and how their safety can be approved through driver education and other methods. The literature review has clearly shown that there is much knowledge about driver behaviour, road safety and educational methods that has not yet been applied in the Swedish driver education system. It is thus suggested that an experiment is launched where new methods and structures are tested on a large scale basis. If this is never done, it will be impossible to solve the road safety problems of young drivers.

MEET US


7
Dec

Shipping and the environment – research meets reality

Centre for Transport Studies (CTS) in co-operation with Ports of Stockholm invite you to the seminar Shipping and the environment – research meets reality.

LATEST NEWS


2017-10-26

Simulation of cut-in by manually driven vehicles in platooning scenarios

A study in a VTI-driving simulator has showed that a platoon will be able to handle a cut in from a manually driven car. The results of this study have recently been presented at two conferences in Japan.


2017-10-16

ERPUG Forum

The five-year anniversary of European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017.


2017-09-29

Self-driving buses in Sweden next year?

A self-driving, fossil-free bus. This idea might become reality through a forthcoming collaborative project involving the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping University and several other participants. The project group aim...


2017-09-29

New climate-proof solutions for hard surfaces in cities

High-density road infrastructure that emphasise maximum durability and minimum maintenance create inflexible systems, which put increased stress on urban trees and lead to increased risk for flooding. Over the past five years, the ‘Climate-proof solutions for...


2017-09-29

VTI is preparing for automated vehicles

Automation of traffic systems will lead to major changes. The European Union’s (EU) CoEXist research project began in June 2017 with the aim of preparing cities and road operators for the introduction of self-driving vehicles. The Swedish National Road and...


2017-07-05

Vehicle Driver Monitoring: sleepiness and cognitive load

To prevent road crashes it is important to understand driver related contributing factors, which have been suggested to be the critical reason in 94 per cent of crashes. The overall aim of the project Vehicle Driver Monitoring has been to advance the...