Vinterdäck till cykel: ett jämförande test

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The purpose of this study has been to compare the winter road grip of various bicycle tyres, as well as a pair of unstudded winter tyres, through cycling tests. In addition to grip, other characteristics that could be important to a cyclist, such as rolling resistance and wear resistance, were also tested.

The tyre’s grip on ice was tested by brake tests and manoeuvring tests indoors in an ice hockey rink. Four different test drivers were used to capture differences in driver behaviour, as well as to get a variation in the cyclist’s weight. The tyre rolling resistance was measured by indoor coast-down tests. Finally, the grip was tested on dry and wet asphalt by outdoor brake tests. Between the various tests, the studded tyres were examined with regard to the number of lost studs. In total, seven different studded tyres, two unstudded winter tyres and a summer tyre were tested.

The brake tests on dry and wet asphalt could not show any difference in performance between the different tyres. The winter tyres, studded as well as unstudded, had as good grip on asphalt as the tested summer tyre. In the case of ice grip, the two tyres with the highest number of studs, 240, were clearly superior to the others.

The rolling resistance tests showed differences between the different tyres and it is not the number of studs but rather the rubber properties and the puncture protection that has the greatest impact on the rolling resistance. The wear tests indicated that some of the tested models may be particularly prone to losing studs, but as the tests included only two samples of each tyre model, it is not possible to draw certain conclusions regarding wear resistance.

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