Vehicle Trajectory Effects of Adaptive Cruise Control

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Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) is assumed to have a potential to improve quality-of-service and safety and to reduce the environmental impact of the road traffic system. This paper use vehicle trajectories from traffic simulation to study impacts of ACC on vehicle acceleration and deceleration rates. The analysis is based on traffic simulations with car-following models including ACC functionality and driver behaviour in ACC-equipped as wellas standard non-equipped vehicles. The simulation results show that ACC can improve the traffic situation in terms of reduced acceleration and deceleration rates even though macroscopic traffic properties may remain uninfluenced. This supports the hypothesised positive road safety and environmental effects of ACC. It is also established that the results are largely dependent on the assumptions made regarding driver behaviour in ACC-equipped and standard vehicles. It is consequently crucial to include appropriate assumptions regarding driver behaviour in traffic simulation based analyses of ACC.

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