Värdering av personbilstrafikens utsläpp utifrån en simultan målanalys

Download
Henrik Edwards

In this report a method for determination of implicit values/shadow prices for exhaust emissions from cars is described. The objective is to formulate a policy with the aim of attaining existing environmental targets concerning carbon dioxide and regulated emissions (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and particles). Exhaust emissions from different vehicle categories with their properties are added together. To attain a target concerning one type of emission in the model, the vehicle category having the lowest specific emission level is chosen. When several targets must be simultaneously attained, it is necessary to take into consideration many factors in deciding on suitable measures which provide the desired vehicle mix and vehicle usage.

The described method consists of an optimisation model for maximisation of the change in consumer surplus (with variants), subject to the satisfaction of formulated, future environmental targets. The variables influencing the choice of vehicle category and usage are fuel prices and yearly vehicle tax. A behaviour model for the choice between petrol and diesel cars is included in the optimisation model. Emission and vehicle mileage data are collected from the VTI databases for the emission models EM94 and EMV.

LATEST NEWS


2018-06-13

International Conference on Electric Road Systems starts today

Electric Road Systems (ERS) is a relatively new concept with many initiatives on the way. To learn from each other and stimulate new collaborations the Swedish Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged the first international conference...


2018-05-18

Same survey of road users’ attitudes in 50 countries

At the Road Safety on Five Continents Conference, RS5C, one entire session presented a large survey of road users' attitudes in 38 countries. Results show large differences between countries in many areas, both regarding behavior and attitudes. A new survey...


2018-05-17

Good results with alcohol interlock program according to Swedish study

An alcohol interlock program makes it possible for drink driving offenders to continue their everyday lives. In a Swedish study most of the participants were satisfied with the program and experienced improved health. They also reported drinking alcohol more...


2018-05-16

Traffic safety in the spotlight

Today the Conference Road Safety on Five Continents (RS5C) opened in Jeju Island, South Korea. More than 220 participators have come from all over the world to present findings and learn about traffic safety. Dr. Young Tae Kim, Secretary-General of the...


2018-04-17

VTI will develop simulators for ambulance staff

VTI has initiated a pilot study for paramedics with the Centre for Teaching & Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology and Linköping University. The aim is to give ambulance staff the opportunity to practice critical medical tasks in a moving vehicle in...


2018-04-12

Unique electrified road opens in Sweden

The world’s first electrified road recharging the batteries of cars and trucks while driving opened in Sweden. The Swedish Minister for Infrastructure, Tomas Eneroth, was at the formal inauguration of the electrified road on April 11, 2018. VTI is one of 22...