Utvärdering av städmaskiners förmåga att minska PM10-halter

Cecilia Bennet
Christer Johansson
Michael Norman
Billy Sjövall

In this project three road sweepers' effect on PM10 concentrations in ambient air and on the road surface has been tested. Two studies have been carried out; one in street environment at Sveavägen in central Stockholm, Sweden, and one with controlled trials at Barkarby airport.

The tests at Sveavägen showed that the sweepers' effect on total PM10 concentrations was small. In particularly favourable meteorological conditions, however, significant decreases in the local PM10 contribution of up to 20% could be found. Sweeper A contributed more often to elevated PM10 concentration during drive-by than sweeper B, while sweeper B more frequently contributed to elevated NOx levels. The dust depot on the road surface proved difficult to evaluate. In sweeper A's road stretch was, however, the main depot along the roadside, while it was greatest along the road center in sweeper B's stretch.

Tests at Barkarby showed that sweeper B, under dry conditions (sweeper A was deleted) managed to clean up an applied material to about 85-95% (slightly lower for PM10). In moist conditions (sweeper B was deleted) the efficiency of sweeper A was slightly over 40% for the entire material, while significantly lower (approx. 5%) for PM10. Sweeper C, which only took part in the moist test, cleaned approximately 99% of the applied material and the efficiency for PM10 was the same.

Overall, this project shows that road sweepers can contribute to decreased concentrations of PM10 in environments where road dust suspension is an important source of particulate matter, but also that sweeping technology and sweeping strategy need to be developed to work well under different meteorological conditions.



The 6st Humanist Conference

The 6th HUMANIST Conference will take place 13-14 June 2018 in the Hague, The Netherlands. The scope of the conference covers a wide range of topics on Human Factors in Transport. Tania Willstrand and Alexander Eriksson will present their research results.



VTI will develop simulators for ambulance staff

VTI has initiated a pilot study for paramedics with the Centre for Teaching & Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology and Linköping University. The aim is to give ambulance staff the opportunity to practice critical medical tasks in a moving vehicle in...


Unique electrified road opens in Sweden

The world’s first electrified road recharging the batteries of cars and trucks while driving opened in Sweden. The Swedish Minister for Infrastructure, Tomas Eneroth, was at the formal inauguration of the electrified road on April 11, 2018. VTI is one of 22...


Swedish road safety spreads internationally

Sweden is a leading country in terms of road safety, and the research conducted by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has contributed to increased safety. VTI’s remit includes disseminating research results and keeping up to date...


A greater understanding of cyclists' behaviour

Cyclists are often accused of not following traffic rules and being hooligans on the road. New research shows that there is no support for this perception. "Our observations reveal no such general anarchy" says Sonja Forward, researcher at VTI.


New technology for road surface measurement tested

VTI has tested a new scanning-laser technology for road surface measurement. The tests show the new technology for comprehensive transverse-profile measurement provides dependable values in measuring transverse profile and rut depth.


Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018

VTI’s Senior Research Leader Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018 for his work on research into tyres and road surface.