Utlandsföddas mobilitet och resvanor i svensk trafikmiljö

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Catharina Lewin
Susanne Gustafsson

The aim of this study was to increase knowledge concerning the situation of foreign-born in the Swedish transportation system and analyze their mobility and travel patterns. Foreign-born are defined as people born in another country than Sweden, but who have received residence permit and are registered in a Swedish municipality. The results are based on a literature review, register data, group interviews as well as a comprehensive survey. Approximately 12% of Sweden's inhabitants were born in another country. Register data show that the proportion of foreign-born that possess driver's licences and vehicles is lower than among Swedish-born, which limits the ability to travel among this group. The target group for the survey was foreign-born men and women who had relatively recently arrived in Sweden. The survey studied such factors as how they travel on short and longer trips in Sweden, their possession of vehicles and driver's licences and their feeling of safety when using different travel modes. The survey was answered by 3,215 students at special courses in Swedish for immigrants (svenska för invandrare, sfi) from 34 municipalities in different parts of Sweden. Half of the respondents came to Sweden less than two years prior to answering the survey in 2005. The respondents represented 136 different countries of origin. Comparisons have been made both between men and women, and between eight different zones with regards to where the respondents were born. Of the respondents, approximately 60% were women and almost half were 25-34 years old. Results show that approximately 45% of the men surveyed had a driver's licence that was permitted to be used in Sweden, compared to one in five women. The survey showed that the largest obstacles to getting a Swedish driver's licence was that it was expensive and that the language is difficult. Whereas 35% of the women answered that they did not know how to ride a bicycle, only 5% of the men provided this answer. Nearly eight of ten respondents claimed they need to learn more about traffic rules and behaviour. They would like information about this in Swedish. The respondents also stated that they prefer written information on signs at bus stops and train stations, as well as on busses and trains instead of only receiving information by loudspeaker. Many of the respondents feel unsafe in various traffic environments; as pedestrians, bicyclists, car drivers, and as passengers on public transportation.

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