Uppföljning av gång- och cykeltrafik: utveckling av en harmoniserad metod för kommunal uppföljning av gång- respektive cykeltrafik med hjälp av resvaneundersökningar och cykelflödesmätningar

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Annika Nilsson
Maria Varedian
Liselott Söderström

This is the second and last report in a project financed by the Swedish Traffic Administration, with the objective to propose a harmonised method for monitoring the proportion of pedestrian and cycle traffic. The method should be used for local monitoring in Swedish municipalities to be able to make comparisons over years and between towns, regions or the country as a whole. The project began with a survey and analysis of the present method of estimating travel by walking and cycling, both in and outside Sweden. This work was described in the first report on the project, VTI Report No 686 (Niska et al., 2010). In this report, method and results of analysis of some municipal travel surveys, cycle counts and other considerations resulting in the harmonised method are presented. In the harmonised method, the basic unit ?the proportion, represented by cycle traffic, of all trips which have their origin and destinations in the municipality on weekdays?, is used. In order to collect data for the basic unit, the recommendation is that a municipal travel survey should be performed in the autumn every five years with the help of a written questionnaire consisting of 1-2 pages with background questions, and a simple and self-explanatory travel diary. All movements with an errand at the destination, on the day of survey, should be registered in the travel diary. The sample should consist of at least 1 500 inhabitants of the municipality aged between 16-75 years. Cycle counts can be used for identifying long term trends and for the planning and monitoring of specific measures on individual routes, but usually not for estimating the change in cycling from one year to another. In the report, a number of practical hints are given as to how measuring sites should be selected, when and for how long the measurements should be made, and the requirements that may be specified for the equipment in use. In addition, a summary is given of what should be documented and what should be borne in mind in drawing up the report.

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