Trafiksimulering av E20 Ribbingsberg–Vara: En simuleringsstudie av framkomlighet för en mötesfri utformning av E20

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The part of road E20 between Ribbingsberg and Vara in Sweden will be converted from a two-lane rural road with speed limit 80 kilometers per hour into an oncoming separated highway with speed limit 100 kilometer per hour. The suggested design of the oncoming separated highway includes sections of 1+1 and 2+2 lanes with varying lengths between 1.6 and 3.2 kilometers. Due to the current high level of traffic demand in combination with high levels of trucks, the traffic performance at the suggested design could be questioned. In order to evaluate traffic performance, a traffic simulation study has been performed for the peak hour during a typical weekday. The study includes three different scenarios of traffic demand, representing levels of year 2015, 2025 and 2045. Simulations are performed using the microscopic simulation model RuTSim (Rural road Traffic Simulator), developed by VTI and customized for rural traffic. The model is calibrated using measurements from the actual road stretch in combination with data from the adjacent oncoming separated highway with speed limit 100 kilometers per hour between Vara and Skara. Simulation of year 2045 generates average speed for cars of 94 kilometers per hour. Sensitivity analysis of limited overtaking willingness results in average speed as minimum 92 kilometers per hour.

This means that the traffic performance fulfills the condition according to Trafikverkets former requirement that the average speed for cars should not be less than 10 kilometers per hour below the speed limit (100 kilometer per hour). The share of constrained vehicles also supports the conclusion of a design with satisfying traffic performance. It should though be mentioned that the lengths of the twolane segments within the suggested design exceeds the recommendations according to Trafikverket

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