Trafiksäkerhetsutvecklingen i Sverige fram till år 2001

Download
Göran Nilsson
Gunnar Andersson
Ulf Brüde
Jörgen Larsson
Hans Thulin

There are several indications that the earlier favourable traffic safety development in Sweden has slowed down in recent years. VTI has therefore been commissioned by the Swedish Road Administration and the Swedish Police Board to describe and analyse the changes in the traffic system which may have either a positive or negative significance for traffic safety development.

Since the overarching goal of traffic safety work is a gradual year by year reduction in the number of those killed in traffic, the question arises why this goal could not be reached during the period. Large investments and changes have been made which resulted in both decreases and increases in the risk of being killed in traffic during the period. The report makes an examination of the different problem areas which were considered in relation to the different measures or changes during the period, and the way these ought to have affected the risk of being killed in traffic.

An overall summary is that the increased speeds during the period 1994-2000 were compensated for by the increased number of cars equipped with airbags. Road improvements for greater safety, motorways, roundabouts, road barriers etc, together with higher petrol prices and the winter tyre law compensated for the reduction in safety owing to greater vehicular traffic, especially the increased lorry traffic, and that the higher average age of drivers increases the risk of being killed due to an injury in a traffic accident.

MEET US


19-20
Oct

ERPUG 2017

The five year anniversary of  European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017. 

LATEST NEWS


2017-07-05

Vehicle Driver Monitoring: sleepiness and cognitive load

To prevent road crashes it is important to understand driver related contributing factors, which have been suggested to be the critical reason in 94 per cent of crashes. The overall aim of the project Vehicle Driver Monitoring has been to advance the...


2017-06-29

Tomas Svensson new director-general

Tomas Svensson was today appointed Director-General of VTI. Tomas has been acting Director-General since January 2017. 


2017-05-30

Crash testing bicycles at VTI

For the first time single bicycle crashes have been simulated at the VTI crash safety laboratory.


2017-05-15

A case study exploring firefighters’ and municipal officials’ preparedness for electrical vehicles

A VTI-study presents a social perspective on new vehicle technology. It explores the self-reported preparedness of the fire departments (i.e., rescue services) in Sweden’s three largest cities regarding rescue operations involving electrical vehicles (EVs).


2017-05-02

Pioneering research on and about bicycles at VTI

Under what circumstances might cyclists lose tyre grip? What actions could then be taken to prevent a crash? VTI is currently developing a theoretical model of the behaviour of bicycle tyres during braking and steering in different situations and on different...


2017-05-02

Virtual pedestrians create efficient stations

If more people are to choose sustainable travel, then the public transport stations of the future must be designed so that pedestrians can get where they are going quickly, without congestion or queues. The Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)...