Trafiksäkerhetsutvecklingen i Sverige fram till år 2001

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Göran Nilsson
Gunnar Andersson
Ulf Brüde
Jörgen Larsson
Hans Thulin

There are several indications that the earlier favourable traffic safety development in Sweden has slowed down in recent years. VTI has therefore been commissioned by the Swedish Road Administration and the Swedish Police Board to describe and analyse the changes in the traffic system which may have either a positive or negative significance for traffic safety development.

Since the overarching goal of traffic safety work is a gradual year by year reduction in the number of those killed in traffic, the question arises why this goal could not be reached during the period. Large investments and changes have been made which resulted in both decreases and increases in the risk of being killed in traffic during the period. The report makes an examination of the different problem areas which were considered in relation to the different measures or changes during the period, and the way these ought to have affected the risk of being killed in traffic.

An overall summary is that the increased speeds during the period 1994-2000 were compensated for by the increased number of cars equipped with airbags. Road improvements for greater safety, motorways, roundabouts, road barriers etc, together with higher petrol prices and the winter tyre law compensated for the reduction in safety owing to greater vehicular traffic, especially the increased lorry traffic, and that the higher average age of drivers increases the risk of being killed due to an injury in a traffic accident.

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