Trafiksäkerhetseffekter av sänkt bashastighet i tätort till 40 km/tim

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Camilla Ekström
Susanne Gustafsson

The aim of this study is to analyze the traffic safety effects if the default speed limit in urban areas are changed from 50 km/h to 40 km/h. Only accidents involving at least one motor vehicle have been included in the analysis. To estimate the national traffic safety effects, three different scenarios are studied. The scenarios are: (1) All streets in urban areas with speed limit 50 km/h are changed to 40 km/h, (2): 80% of the streets with speed limit 50km/h are changed to 40 km/h, 20% remain at 50 km/h, (3) 80% of the streets with speed limit 50km/h are changed to 40 km/h, 20% change to 60 km/h.

The results from the national analysis showed that, in the period of 2014–2016, an average of 65 people/year died in urban areas in accidents involving at least one motor vehicle, almost 1 300 were seriously injured and almost 200 very seriously injured. For the three different scenarios studied in the report, it was estimated that scenario 1 has the potential to save about 5 lives, 83 severely injured and 12 very seriously injured per year. For scenario 2, the effects are slightly smaller and about 4 lives per year can be saved, 66 seriously injured and 10 very seriously injured. In scenario 3, approximately 3 lives are saved per year, 55 severely injured and 8 very seriously injured. If larger changes of mean speed could be achieved (i.e. with speed reducing measures like road narrowing, bumps, enforcement etc.), larger effects can also be expected for the number of killed and seriously injured. If the mean speed is reduced by 5 or 10 km/h, 10 respectively 17 lives can be saved for scenario 1. When studying three municipalities in more detail, the results show that on the road network with changed speed limit from 50 km/h to 40 km/h, the proportion injured in collisions between unprotected road users and motor vehicles was higher before the change of speed limit than on road network where the speed limit remained 50 km/h.

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