Trafiksäkerhet vid skolskjutsning: slutrapport

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Peter Wretling
EvaMarie Törnström
Torbjörn Falkmer
Ylva Matstoms

The Swedish school transport system has been investigated from a traffic safety point of view. In order to achieve a better ground for decisions and for measures to be taken, several studies have been carried out, such as literature studies, observations, group discussions and questionnaire based studies. The aim is to find ways to improve traffic safety without increasing the total costs for the society.

Each local authority has the possibility to set up demands when purchasing school transport. The studies have shown that the traffic safety demands in the contracts are few and the control of the compliance of these demands is insufficient, if at all existing. For example one out of ten authorities does not control the contractors at all and only three out of ten demand that the vehicles are equipped with safety belts. However, the authorities receive few reports about incongruities, incidents and accidents. The explanation is probably not that problems do not exist, but that the report system is insufficient.

The drivers are in several ways the key persons to achieve increased safety. They are experts on the real-life conditions. If the drivers are given opportunities to take part in the planning of the school transport, attend special courses and take part in the training of the children, much will be gained. At present the children have different rules to follow, depending on who the current driver is. This can be a confusing situation for the child. Moreover, the drivers do not always use their safety belts, although this is mandatory. They also have to make sure that all the children are using existing safety belts. How this should be done is not obvious.

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