Trafiksäkerhet vid skolskjutsning: litteraturstudie och fältobservationer

Download
Peter Wretling

This study focused on traffic safety aspects in connection with school transport. A literature study was carried out. Observations were made while travelling on several trips and attending an education day. Accident data were also of interest. Previously, contracts had been compared from the aspect of traffic safety. This called for an extension resulting in a larger study entitled “Traffic safety aspects in the purchase of transportation at public expense, with particular reference to school transport”. The aim was to identify and value the traffic safety aspects concerned in order to minimise the total costs to the community. The first part involves literature from the 90's, excluding vehicle-related aspects, and has been documented in this report. The most comprehensive investigations were found in the American literature. The importance of driver education was pointed out and accident crash studies had resulted in high standards for school buses. In Europe, the EC directives also emphasise the importance of the driver. In Great Britain, the case for changing the present system was examined in terms of discretionary policies, expenditure and extent and means of provision. The congestion resulting from the increasing number of pupils being driven to school by their parents was also discussed. In Sweden, responsibility is put on the school boards and the municipalities. Co-ordination between different types of community-financed journeys is advocated, sometimes without any regard for the consequences in terms of traffic safety. In the USA, accidents have been reduced to an extremely low level. In Sweden, the number of accidents related to school transport is still unknown.

MEET US


25-26
Apr

Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) workshop in Stockholm

An open seminar and workshop in Stockholm will be held on 25-26 April 2018. The workshop deals with the use of CBA as a basis for decision-making in the public sector. The workshop is organized by, among others, Professor Jan-Eric Nilsson, VTI.

LATEST NEWS


2018-02-13

Automation and digitalisation are making rail competitive

Road transport is developing rapidly and its productivity has increased sharply. Rail transport, however, has not developed at the same rate. Automation and digitalisation are essential if rail freight in Europe is to survive.


2018-02-08

New research is creating a driverless logistics chain

The research project Born to Drive has come up with a system that allows new cars to move, without a driver, from the production line out to the parking area prior to being transported elsewhere. The vision is to automate the entire logistics chain from...


2018-02-05

VTI testing automation in EU project

VTI is leading a series of tests in a major EU project on automated driving. The first driving tests were carried out n a test track in Slovenia in December. The project will focus in part on acceptance among different groups in society, in part on...


2018-02-02

Freight transportation on road and rail analysed

Freight transport accounts for a large proportion of the emissions, noise and congestion produced by road traffic. Transporting freight in larger but fewer lorries could reduce the problem. At the same time it might entail freight being diverted from more...


2017-11-30

Millions for research into maritime transport and the environment

Maritime transport is a major source of emissions of harmful air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In a new project, a research team from the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) and the University of Gothenburg has received SEK 6.4...


2017-11-30

New research programme for more efficient travel

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) is playing an important role in a major new research programme to find radical solutions leading to fewer trips and more efficient travel, along with tools to enable better use of roads and...