The impact of governance modes on sustainable transport: the case of bus transport in Greater Manchester, UK.

Publisher's full text
Henrik Gudmundsson

'Sustainable transport' has become a priority for transport planning and policy making around the world. Sustainable transport plans often promote efforts to shift passengers from private cars to other modes such as public transport. However, the actual success of such efforts is likely to depend on how the transport sector is organised and governed. In this paper, we study the impacts of new public management (NPM) reforms in the British local transport sector on the attraction of passengers to buses. Britain is an interesting example since high level sustainable transport policies have been pursued in a deregulated context. We focus on bus transport in Greater Manchester as the case in point. First, we study the effects of the NPM reforms on modal shift. We find that the reforms generally have contributed to a decline in bus passengers, while some reform elements have made positive contributions. Second, we apply theoretical notions of 'governance modes', to examine whether the strengths and failures of 'market', 'hierarchy' and 'network' governance respectively can help to explain the results we observe. We find that these concepts are particularly useful to clarify the conditions under which public transport can attracts travellers.

MEET US


8-9
Oct

Social sustainability and just mobility

Welcome to a research workshop on Social sustainability and just mobility, 8–9 October 2019 in Linköping, Sweden
16-18
Oct

European Road Profile User's Group, ERPUG

Welcome to the sixth ERPUG meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania. 
4-5
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The second Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region conference will be held in Tallinn, Estonia. VTI is part of the programme committee. 

LATEST NEWS


2019-09-06

VTI is a new partner in f3

Since the end of January, VTI is a partner in f3, the Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels. f3 is a national knowledge centre for collaboration between industry actors, universities, institutes, and government agencies committed to...


2019-09-04

Tests are underway in VTI’s new bicycle simulator

A project is currently underway in which VTI’s recently developed bicycle simulator is being used to study the interaction between cyclists, and drivers. The aim is to investigate how different infrastructure designs and types of vehicles influence cyclist...


2019-08-23

The goal is to increase diversity and gender equality within transportation in Europe

VTI is participating in the research project TInnGO – Transport Innovation Gender Observatory. It is the first major EU project of its kind relating to the transport sector, gender equality and diversity. The VTI project manager Lena Levin appreciates the...


2019-08-19

A driving licence withdrawal can have major consequences in everyday life

A withdrawn driving licence can have negative consequences for a person’s ability to shape their own life. A study from VTI investigates how individuals with visual field loss have been affected by no longer being permitted to drive.


2019-08-13

Measuring sleepiness – a challenge for researchers

Driver fatigue has been a research area at VTI for several years, and the researchers have studied various aspects such as the working hours of professional drivers, driver behaviour, accident risks, and the design of warning systems. They are now moving...


2019-05-09

Knowledge in the fight against microplastics from road traffic

The Government has commissioned VTI to develop and disseminate knowledge regarding the emission of microplastics from road traffic.