SAMKOST 2: redovisning av regeringsuppdrag kring trafikens samhällsekonomiska kostnader

Download

In December 2012, the government commissioned VTI to update the social marginal costs for using infrastructure for all modes of transport based on state-of-the-art knowledge in the research community. A final report was submitted in December 2013 and shortly after, the government extended VTIs commission. The present report summarizes the results of the extended mission. In the same way as in SAMKOST 1, the taxation of fuel is substantially higher than the costs generated by passenger cars that use the road network. It is also concluded that heavy vehicles are charged less than the costs inflicted by using roads.

Users of railway infrastructure are charged track user charges which are below marginal costs for using tracks.

Estimates of the marginal costs emanating from merchant shipping include piloting, icebreaking and accident risks, all emanating from the activities of the Swedish Maritime Administration. A new study of emissions from shipping is part of the background work within SAMKOST 2. Overall, current levels of fees charged by the Swedish Maritime Administration is well below the industry’s costs.

There are no indications that landings and take-offs at airports have consequences for the need for maintenance and renewal of runways. The marginal costs of aviation are primarily related to emissions and noise. Charges for national flights may be fairly close to marginal costs while costs for European and in particular inter-continental flights are substantially higher than the different types of charges levied. It is, however, important to emphasize that conclusions regarding shipping and in particular aviation are less certain than when the comparison concerns road and railway charges relative to marginal costs.

MEET US


4
Nov

Webinar: We share the space – bicyclists and motor vehicles...

Swedish Cycling Research Centre, Cykelcentrum, and SAFER invite you to a webinar to share knowledge about the latest research on cyclists interacting with vehicles.
4
Nov

Mistra SAMS Kitchen Talks

Jacob Witzell, VTI, makes a presentation on the topic ”Assessment tensions – marginalization of climate mitigation futures in long-term transport planning” at Mistra SAMS virtual Kitchen Talk.
5
Nov

ICSC Webinar: Single bicycle crashes as a rising problem

The pandemic situation has lead to changes in many plans, including postponement of the ICSC 2020 conference. To keep the spirit high and the community feeling warm, ICSC organise an online event (webinar).

LATEST NEWS


2020-10-28

Future concepts for sustainable urban mobility are demonstrated in new EU project

At the start of 2020, SHOW was launched, an EU project aimed at demonstrating and evaluating advanced concepts for sustainable mobility in real urban environments.


2020-10-20

Nordic project to enhance circularity of textiles

Doubling the life of textiles will reduce the climate impact by 40-50%. Still most of the used textiles generated in the Nordic region is incinerated instead of being reused, remanufactured and recycled. To enhance circularity of textiles a two-year Nordic...


2020-10-07

Comprehensive expertise of VTI researchers contributes to EU research

The EU project ADAS&ME, to date the largest project coordinated by VTI, has recently reached completion. Simultaneously, VTI was involved in the launch of the largest European project of its kind, SHOW, established to demonstrate future concepts for...


2020-10-02

Governing smart mobility to achieve broader sustainability goals

K2 researchers Alexander Paulsson and Claus Hedegaard Sørensen have edited an anthology, Shaping smart mobility futures: governance and policy instruments in times of sustainability transitions, showing the complexity of governing smart mobility and the...


2020-08-19

Electric scooters are making their way into the accident statistics

The number of accidents involving electric scooters has increased from a few in 2017 to almost 500 in 2019 (January - October). This was also when electric scooters really made their entrance into Sweden's largest cities.


2020-08-17

How can the bus trip be improved for people with ADHD?

People with autism, ADHD and other neuropsychiatric disorders may experience difficulties in using public transport, which limits their opportunities for an active life in terms of school, work and hobbies.