Systemfel i transportsektorn

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This report comprises two separate but related reports. The first was commissioned by the Swedish Fiscal Policy Council and identifies three systematic failures with respect to infrastructure decisions. The first is that the price charged for using roads and railways is too low. The second failure concerns the large number of investments which are undertaken in spite of not delivering a social net value. And a third problem is that there is no tradition and indeed no possibilities to compare the outcome of projects and maintenance activities to the ex ante budgets and predictions. The second report, commissioned by the Expert Group for Public Economics under the Finance Ministry, summarizes these observations. It thereafter elaborates on possible explanations to the fact that many investment projects with a negative social rate of return are implemented.

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