Steering cities towards a sustainable transport system in Norway and Sweden

Download

This paper describes so-called city growth agreements and city environmental agreements in Norway and Sweden, respectively. We do case studies of two regions in Norway and two cities in Sweden. While the general aim of the agreements is similar in the two countries, namely for the central government to influence municipal infrastructure building in a more environmentally sustainable direction, the agreements differ in many respects. While the Norwegian agreements consist of several projects concerning the construction of roads and railroads, and infrastructure for public transport, pedestrians, and cycling, the Swedish agreements only concern one (type of) project at a time. Moreover, Norway emphasizes city planning more; even though the building of new housing is important also in Sweden, location and densification are less so. The Swedish projects are municipality driven, while the Norwegian system is based on reciprocal negotiations between the municipalities, the county, and the state. The Norwegian model fits better into a theoretical fiscal federalism-based framework than the Swedish one, with the state internalizing spatial spillovers arising from infrastructure projects. In Sweden, the agreements are better to be seen as means for institutionalized lobbying by municipalities.

MEET US


25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.
13-14
Oct

Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis: European Conference 2020

VTI and Centre for Transport Studies (CTS) at Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) organise Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis: European Conference 2020. 
4-6
Nov

International Cycling Safety Conference

Swedish Cycling Research Centre, Cykelcentrum, organises together with Lund University the International Cycling Safety Conference, ICSC, in Lund 4-6 November 2020.

LATEST NEWS


2020-04-06

Self-driving Buses in Linköping Part of the EU Project SHOW

The benefits of self-driving vehicles for people with disabilities are one of the focus area for a recently launched EU project linked to self-driving buses in Linköping, Sweden.


2020-04-02

Young people's travel habits are important for the transition of the transport system

The transport system is facing a number of challenges due to its negative impact in areas such as the climate, equality and fairness. In a recent report, researchers highlight the voices of young people to get their thoughts on the field of transport.


2020-03-25

Connected vehicles solve parking problems

Vehicles circulating in the city centre in search of a free parking space is a growing problem. A cloud service that tracks the traffic situation and the availability of free parking spaces could reduce both traffic and congestion.


2020-03-20

More International Collaborations for VTI and Sweden

VTI’s highly sought-after expertise is put to use through a well-developed network of international collaborations. A memorandum of understanding with Malaysia is the latest of VTI’s bilateral cooperation agreements.


2020-03-04

Study on driver sleepiness at VTI

Driver fatigue and especially driver sleepiness are common contributing causes of crashes. Since January, a study has been underway at VTI where researchers are investigating how drivers' sleepiness and attention are affected by systems for partially...


2020-02-27

Sustainable business travel

Almost 40 per cent of distance travelled in Sweden is business travel (including study trips) and 66 per cent of those are by car. This is therefore an area where great environmental gains can be made if more sustainable modes of transport were used.