SPASS: Strengthen Performance Active Safety Simulator

Martin Fischer
Mikael Ljung Aust
Håkan Sehammar
Martin Nilsson
Mats Petersson

The aim of the SPASS project was to evaluate early development/rapid prototyping of new driver assistance systems by utilizing an advanced driving simulator in combination with a vehicle electrical architecture (including sensors, actuators and HMI). As a case study, the project demonstrated a novel active safety function which was rather well penetrated at Volvo Car Corporation (VCC), i.e. VCC had reference vehicles up and running. The project used VTI’s advanced driving simulator (Sim IV) in Gothenburg to establish a simulator platform for evaluation of driver-system interaction. The objective was to understand the capability of Sim IV when studying active safety functions requiring interaction between road infrastructure, sensors, electrical architecture, actuators and Human-Machine Interaction, and to understand how useful Sim IV is during the ordinary concept development phase at vehicle manufacturers. Warning systems that act when the driver is on the way to unintentionally leave the lane are already available today. The next generation of systems will not only warn the driver but will actively contribute to the steering task. One such system is VCC’s eLKA (emergency lane keeping assistance). As part of the SPASS project a scenario which lead to triggering of the eLKA function was developed and tested. The scenario consisted of rural road driving where drivers were distracted by means of a visual distraction task (reading numbers from a screen, placed at a relative large down angle relative to the view of the forward roadway) and then poured across the median towards an oncoming vehicle by introducing an additional steering angle in the simulated vehicle. An integrated test environment for active safety functions has been developed and evaluated. VCC’s emergency lane keeping assistance system (eLKA) has been used as test case in the evaluation, and the functioning of the eLKA has been validated and approved by experts at VCC.



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