Skadade fotgängare: fokus på drift och underhåll vid analys av sjukvårdsregistrerade skadade i STRADA

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Gudrun Öberg

The aim with the study was to describe the cause of pedestrian accidents and injuries with focus on deficiencies in maintenance and operation, and if possible to propose measures how to decrease the injuries. The Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition (STRADA) database is the Swedish Transport Administration's national information facility for accidents and injuries occurring on the road network. In this project, STRADA accident and injury data obtained from hospital reports was used. Data between 1 July 2003 and 31 December 2008 was used for the majority of the analyses and provided details on 24,802 injured pedestrians. Due to the unusually extreme conditions experienced during the 2009/2010 winter, it was decided to continue the study and extend the data capture period to 30 June 2010. As different winter conditions were now compared, only regional data where all hospitals had reported during the full period, could be considered. Data from these six regions provided details on 16,054 injured pedestrians. The most common accidents type among pedestrians was single accidents, accounting for about 85%. Compared with summer months, three to four times as many accidents happened during winter months. Proportions of injury severity were similar for different months. Around half of all pedestrian injuries occurred on slippery (ice or snow) surfaces. In January, over 80% of all accident injuries were attributed to snow or ice on the surface.

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