Sammanställning av 34 trafiksäkerhetsåtgärder

Sammanställning av 34 trafiksäkerhetsåtgärder

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Fridtjof Thomas

VTI compiles here the available knowledge about 34 traffic safety measures that have been utilized in Sweden the past decades. These measures belong to the domains of speed management, alcohol, seat belts, physical infrastructure, road users and vehicles. We group the traffic safety measures based on the reasoning underlying Haddon's matrix. This way of classifying accidents is described and we draw upon its underlying logic to classify the 34 traffic safety measures. The Swedish Road Administration's traffic safety work is guided by the so called Vision Zero. The Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications issued on April 9, 1999, a short program containing eleven topics for increased traffic safety. This program became operational for the Swedish Road Administration and we evaluate therefore the here described 34 traffic safety measures based on the eleven topics in that program. Traffic safety measures in the physical infrastructure such as separation of meeting lanes, roundabouts, and separated strokes for bicycles and pedestrians have to be viewed as the most efficient ones. However, these measures are costly when compared to measures targeting the socio-economic environment such as legislation and enforcement. Therefore the here described measures should be evaluated based on an assessment of the cost-effectiveness of the various measures. Such studies remain to be carried out for a number of traffic safety measurements, but this is beyond the scope of this project.

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