Samhällsekonomiskt underlag för hamnpolitiken

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The report contains a review of the transport policy issues and the economic literature relating to ports, including connections on the seaward and landward side. The prerequisites for a efficient port policy are discussed as well as the supporting documentation needed and sought after and the extent to which the literature provides answers to the policy issues. The emphasis is on Sweden and the EU. Policy issues and the literature are analysed on the basis of four areas: 1) control of ports, 2) regulation policy with respect to competition, 3) investment policy and 4) pricing. The review shows that there are unresolved policy issues. Academic research takes up many issues of relevance for port policy, although it is often processes rather than scientific articles that lead to answers to the issues. Many findings are situation-specific and there are few comparative studies. Research contributions come from the whole world, although the number of contributions from Swedish and Nordic researchers and studies of Sweden/the Nordic countries is limited. In the case of Sweden, a need has been identified to develop intermodal social cost-benefit analyses. Competition-related issues reoccur in several of the policy areas examined. We therefore also see a need to analyse competition in the different markets.

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