Samhällsekonomiska kalkyler för sjöfartsprojekt

Download
Henrik Swahn
Elise Caspersen
Inger Beate Hovi

The Swedish Transport Administration states that there are no methods and tools for cost benefit analysis (CBA) of sea transports as there are for road and rail. The project analyses existing knowledge and recommends how a CBA-tool for sea transports could be developed. Focus is on freight transports. CBA-guidelines are summarized with a focus on Sweden and Norway. It is shown which impacts of different measures can be interesting to quantify and valuate in monetary terms. Examples are given for CBA related to sea transports that have been carried out. Existing knowledge is compiled when it comes to the effects of measures. A crucial category is the effects that are related to transport demand. One key question is if and how the calculation of the impacts on the number and size of vessels etc. can be supplied in a useful way with help of the national forecast model for freight transports. Valuation problems related to the identified effects are addressed as well. For Sweden and Norway the existing forecast and calculation tools are described. User requirements on a CBA-tool for sea transport projects are defined based on a discussion how such a tool is assumed to be used in different analyses. Principle questions that need to be solved when developing a CBA-tool are described in 16 points. A two-step approach is recommended for Sweden 1. Development of a documented CBA-tool based on the Excel-model that has been used in most of the CBA for sea transport projects in Sweden and the Norwegian calculation tool for minor projects. 2. Development to solve the principle questions that are summarized in 16 points, i.e.: · link between the national forecast model and the calculation model(s), · calculation principles for border crossing transports, · effects of different measures and valuations, i.e. impact of use of larger vessels on transport costs, impact on emissions to air, safety and risk costs, · sea transport related fees and taxes as well as funding of projects by different actors, · inclusion of passenger transports in CBA for sea transport projects

MEET US


5-6
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.
25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2018-10-29

International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.


2018-10-24

China wants to work with the best

Through the CTS cooperation, VTI is gaining valuable research contacts with China. The country is facing major challenges in the field of road safety but also has enormous potential.


2018-10-23

VTI participated in conference on electric roads

Systems with electrified roads are a relatively new concept and many projects have been launched in recent years. To stimulate the transfer of knowledge and collaboration, the Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged its second...


2018-10-18

ADAS&ME is tackling the interaction between people and technology

ADAS&ME is a major EU project focused on automation, the human condition and the human environment. The budget is EUR 9.6 million and VTI is the coordinator.


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...


2018-10-03

VR study to contribute to a better working environment for bus drivers

A study where bus drivers test autonomous driving in a VR environment may contribute to a better working environment with reduced stress on the driver and safer driving.