Road safety education and activities in Germany

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Anne Timmermann

Road Safety is an important issue in Germany since the mid of the 20th century when the number of cars and road traffic injuries and fatalities increased. Since then a variety of traffic safety measures was developed to approach the problem. To increase road safety it is important to regard the three factors: the human field, the infrastructure and the vehicle based technology. That leads to measure of education, enforcement by law, improvement of infrastructure and innovations of technology. Established educative measures are the traffic education in pre-school and elementary school as well as the driving licence system and driving training system. Even though these measures are established and proven to be effective there are continuously developed to work even better. That led for example to the introduction of a zero-alcohol policy for novice drivers in 2007and the revision of the driving licence system for young drivers. In 2004 started a pilot project to test the effects of accompanied driving for 17 year old drivers (after passing a driving licence test) who are given a full driving licence when turning 18. After the successful pilot the accompanied driving was fully introduced into law in 2010. A Study analysing the effects shows the positive effect (reduction of road traffic accidents and traffic offences: about 20%) of these measures.

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