Resilient modulus of unsaturated silty sand subgrade

Farhad Salour

In flexible pavement structures, moduli of unbound granular layer materials and subgrade soils play an important role in the overall performance of the pavement system. The mechanical behaviour of the unbound layers is conventionally studied by conducting repeated load triaxial (RLT) tests in which the material is characterized using the total stress approach. However, most of the unbound layer materials in pavement structures are often in partially saturated states and even experience short and long term variation in the degree of saturation conditions. Therefore, a more realistic approach in assessment of the mechanical behaviour of the unbound layer materials is to take into account the partially saturated conditions by incorporating pore-suctions (i.e., matric suction) in the material behaviour models. In unsaturated soil mechanic, matric suction is widely used to describe the moisture retention characteristics of the soils. Different approaches have been proposed to use the principles of unsaturated soil mechanic and incorporate the effect of pore-suctions into the resilient modulus modelling. This paper intends to summarize some of the proposed models. Additionally it presents an experimental resilient modulus study- on two silty sand subgrade soils using suction-controlled RLT tests. It further investigates the capability of the different models in capturing the resilient modulus behaviour of the unbound subgrade soils and their variation due to seasonal changes in the pore-suctions (moisture content).

MEET US


5-6
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.

LATEST NEWS


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...


2018-10-03

VR study to contribute to a better working environment for bus drivers

A study where bus drivers test autonomous driving in a VR environment may contribute to a better working environment with reduced stress on the driver and safer driving.


2018-10-02

Non-native plant species spread via transport systems

Researchers at VTI have compiled a report on non-native invasive plant species in Sweden and how they spread via transport systems.


2018-09-20

EU-project VIRTUAL: improving road safety with virtual crash tests

Crash tests are used to improve safety on roads. Therefore the EU now funds a research project to develop virtual methods of crash testing. VTI coordinates the project, called VIRTUAL. The project now invites experts interested in Human Body Modeling to join...


2018-08-28

EU project protects cyclists and pedestrians

According to the World Health Organisation, more than one quarter of road traffic fatalities in 2010 were pedestrians and cyclists. Every year, about 335,000 unprotected road users die because of traffic accidents, which shows the scale of the problem. The EU...


2018-08-21

Swedish organisations in EU project on traffic safety and crash testing

Crash safety testing is one of the tools used to improve safety on roads. The EU is therefore funding a research project that started recently to develop virtual methods of crash testing. The long-term goal is to supplement the physical evaluation of crash...