Reinterpreting Implementation: Sustainable transport as a paradigmatic case

Tomas Bergström
Henrik Gudmundsson

Implementation is a fairly old concept but as relevant as ever. We have witnessed a general change of the public sector in the direction of governance, networks, contracting out, Public-Private Partnerships etc. This brings to the fore the following question: What has happened since the early 1970’s in theory and practice that might lead us to reconsider the ways we understand implementation in theory but also the advice we could offer to decision makers? To narrow down this broad question we choose to focus on the transport sector and more specifically on sustainable transport. We argue that sustainable transport is a particularly good case to discuss possible changes in implementation patterns.

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