Rattfylleri vid vållandebrott i trafiken: analys av uppgifter i lagföringsregistret

Mohammad Reza Yahya
Ulf Hammarström

The number of reported drink-driving offences in Sweden has increased in recent years (1999-2005). Discussions are going on about tightening up the legislation against drunk-driving and other serious traffic offences that cause many fatalities and injuries every year. The project aims to substantiate to what extent differences exist between drunk and sober drivers as regards the penalties for traffic offences that result in traffic accidents where people are killed or injured. The study is limited to road traffic accidents in Sweden where sentences were passed between 1990 and 2005. No published research and literature have been found that deal with comparisons between the categories "drunk behind the wheel" and "not drunk behind the wheel" as regards punishment for a principal offence of "causing another person's death" or "causing bodily harm or illness". The analysis is based on data from a matching between the register of legal proceedings and the register of road accidents. The matching was done by Statistics Sweden (SCB). The study is based on the register of legal proceedings. In all, there are 1,995 people between the ages of 18 and 64 who have been prosecuted for carelessness in traffic offence as the principal charge. The analysis studies principal charge, principal sentence and principal penalty. The categories "drunk behind the wheel" and "not drunk behind the wheel" are also compared. What is not analyzed in the present study is whether differences exist in the meting out of a penalty linked to gender and age. Other factors that might be of interest to relate to the penalty meted out might include people born in Sweden and abroad, income, region, etc.



Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.



ADAS&ME is tackling the interaction between people and technology

ADAS&ME is a major EU project focused on automation, the human condition and the human environment. The budget is EUR 9.6 million and VTI is the coordinator.


Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...


VR study to contribute to a better working environment for bus drivers

A study where bus drivers test autonomous driving in a VR environment may contribute to a better working environment with reduced stress on the driver and safer driving.


Non-native plant species spread via transport systems

Researchers at VTI have compiled a report on non-native invasive plant species in Sweden and how they spread via transport systems.


EU-project VIRTUAL: improving road safety with virtual crash tests

Crash tests are used to improve safety on roads. Therefore the EU now funds a research project to develop virtual methods of crash testing. VTI coordinates the project, called VIRTUAL. The project now invites experts interested in Human Body Modeling to join...


EU project protects cyclists and pedestrians

According to the World Health Organisation, more than one quarter of road traffic fatalities in 2010 were pedestrians and cyclists. Every year, about 335,000 unprotected road users die because of traffic accidents, which shows the scale of the problem. The EU...