Prediction of rutting in asphalt concrete pavements: the PEDRO model

Safwat F. Said
Denis Jelagin
Xiaohu Lu
Anders Gudmarsson
Roger Nilsson
Erik Oscarsson
Heléne Jarlsson

Flexible pavement rutting due to permanent deformation accumulation in asphalt layers is one of the most common modes of road failures. In addition to high maintenance costs, rutting is a major concern for traffic safety, as the rut growth increases the risk for hydroplaning and difficulties in vehicle steering. In this context, accurate methodologies for pavement rutting performance prediction are crucial for decision support in pavement design and rehabilitation. More rational rutting performance models are needed to enable the implementation of new and more sustainable and environmentally friendly asphalt materials as well as to evaluate the impact of high capacity traffic (HCT) vehicle types on bituminous layers.

The main goal of this work is to implement and disseminate an asphalt rutting performance prediction tool called PEDRO (PErmanent Deformation of asphalt concrete layers for ROads). It focuses solely on the permanent deformation of asphalt concrete materials in the pavement structure. The PEDRO tool is a viscoelastic model for the calculation of permanent vertical strain under moving wheel loads over a viscoelastic half-space. The analysis is performed for the entire rutting zone and the permanent deformation of each layer or sub-layer, depending on its location in the pavement structure, is then integrated over the whole asphalt concrete depth.



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