Planprosesser, beregningsverktöy og bruk av nytte-kostnadsanalyser I vegsektor. En sammenligning av praksis I Norge och Sverige.

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Morten Welde
Jonas Eliasson
James Odeck
Maria Börjesson

Planning, analytic tools and the use of cost-benefit analysis in the transport sector in Norway and Sweden.Economic impact assessment is frequently used both nationally and internationally to appraise and evaluate large public investment projects. It is used to demonstrate the consequences of using resources in the public sectors and determines whether a given project is economically viable or not. In this report, we compare the use of Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA), which is an element of economic impact assessment, in prioritizing road projects,inNorway and Sweden. The overall objective is to shed light on the differences that may exist such that the two countries can learn from each other and improve theiruse of CBAwhen selecting investment portfolios. Specifically, we explore the differences in planningprocesses, methodological approaches used and the unit prices used in CBAs. Using data from the countries’ latestnational transport plans,we compare the significance of CBAin the prioritization of projects.

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