Pedestrian crossing behavior and compliance at signalized intersections

H. Joon Park
Shuzuan Li
Weizhe Yu
Weili Yang
Wael Alhajyaseen
Miho Iryo-Asano

Most pedestrian crashes occur at crosswalks and/or within their vicinity. It may be caused by violations of traffic and pedestrian control regulations or inattention by drivers and pedestrians. There is a lack of pedestrian behavior studies on pedestrian compliances with control devices at signalized intersections in New York City. Many signalized intersections in New York City have significant pedestrian crossing volumes with varying tuning vehicle volumes. According to a behavior preference, pedestrians tend to cross a street using the shortest path in the vicinity of crosswalks at intersections while drivers try to make turns in a limited gap between pedestrians.

This study focuses on pedestrian crossing behavior and compliance to provide an effective traffic and pedestrian control policy at signalized intersections with high pedestrian volumes. Quantitative ranges of pedestrian space are correlated to qualitative descriptions that range from a full ability of pedestrians to move in their desired path to a severely constrained condition. It is understood that density is the primary factor which influences crosswalk operation in terms of the pedestrian crossing speed. However, it is necessary to find other factors which may affect pedestrian operation and safety.

As expected, the study results illustrated higher density at pedestrian facilities caused pedestrian noncompliance rates. The highest pedestrian noncompliance percentages on corner waiting and painted crosswalk marking areas were 22.9 % and 20.3 %, respectively, while the lowest noncompliance rates on crosswalk and corner standing areas were 4.0 % and 5.9 %, respectively. The crosswalk area’s noncompliance was related to trip origin/destination (i.e., bus stop) and vehicles occupying the crosswalk while corner waiting area’s noncompliance was affected by curbside lane operation (i.e., parking lane) and distance between crosswalk and stop bar of approaching traffic. In addition, the highest pedestrian violation percentages during “Flashing and steady Don’t Walk (DW)” times were 31.7 % and 11.6 %, respectively, while the lowest pedestrian violations during those phases were 14.7 % and 0.4 %, respectively. Pedestrians walk faster during Flashing DW time than during Walk time. Therefore, it is recommended that appropriate geometry design/markings and signal timing control policy will improve pedestrian compliance rate and safety of all street users. In addition, enforcement of driver and pedestrian education are also required.



International Conference on Electric Road Systems starts today

Electric Road Systems (ERS) is a relatively new concept with many initiatives on the way. To learn from each other and stimulate new collaborations the Swedish Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged the first international conference...


Same survey of road users’ attitudes in 50 countries

At the Road Safety on Five Continents Conference, RS5C, one entire session presented a large survey of road users' attitudes in 38 countries. Results show large differences between countries in many areas, both regarding behavior and attitudes. A new survey...


Good results with alcohol interlock program according to Swedish study

An alcohol interlock program makes it possible for drink driving offenders to continue their everyday lives. In a Swedish study most of the participants were satisfied with the program and experienced improved health. They also reported drinking alcohol more...


Traffic safety in the spotlight

Today the Conference Road Safety on Five Continents (RS5C) opened in Jeju Island, South Korea. More than 220 participators have come from all over the world to present findings and learn about traffic safety. Dr. Young Tae Kim, Secretary-General of the...


VTI will develop simulators for ambulance staff

VTI has initiated a pilot study for paramedics with the Centre for Teaching & Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology and Linköping University. The aim is to give ambulance staff the opportunity to practice critical medical tasks in a moving vehicle in...


Unique electrified road opens in Sweden

The world’s first electrified road recharging the batteries of cars and trucks while driving opened in Sweden. The Swedish Minister for Infrastructure, Tomas Eneroth, was at the formal inauguration of the electrified road on April 11, 2018. VTI is one of 22...