Optidrift: optimerad vinter- och barmarksdrift för bättre luftkvalitet

Sara Janhäll
Michael Norman
Kristina Eneroth
Christer Johansson

Operation of streets and roads, in addition to accessibility and safety, also affects environmental aspects such as air quality. Measures such as sanding and salting affect the content of inhalable particles (PM10) in the air. On the other hand, operational measures that are made to reduce the suspension of particles in the spring can have an effect on the winter operation, because the salt solutions used also act as de- and anti-icing agents. The project has investigated the possibilities of optimizing street operations from these aspects, with a focus on air quality. In various activities, views and experiences were gathered about problem images and solutions from industry, road managers and practitioners. A road dust sampler, WDS II, was developed. Evaluations of the effect of different coil and cleaning variants on the road dust load showed that a positive effect of the methods requires that there is relatively much dust on the road surface. Optimization tests showed that good forecasting of dust binding is important for a good result. A criteria-based analysis showed that no optimization of the dust binding occurred during the project period. Overall, the project's original goal of being able to propose an optimized street operation in a district in Stockholm has not been achieved, mainly due to current operating contracts and of the high priority of the environmental quality objective (PM10) and accessibility in the city. On the other hand, Optidrift has identified success factors and problems with the street operation, resulting in increased knowledge about the street operations' effects on dust load and air quality, and developed useful evaluation methods and scenario analyzes useful in continued work on improving and optimizing winter and barge operations.



Lunch seminar in transport economics

Professor Stef Proost, KU Leuven presents "What Role for Electric Vehicles in Decarbonizing the Car Sector in the EU?"

European Road Profile User's Group, ERPUG

Welcome to the sixth ERPUG meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania. 

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The second Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region conference will be held in Tallinn, Estonia. VTI is part of the programme committee. 



VTI in research programme Triple F (Fossil Free Freight)

VTI is part of the consortium that has been commissioned by the Swedish Transport Administration to conduct a research programme with focus on fossil-free freight transports. The programme, called Triple F, will run for 12 years. Part of the programme is...


Several actors collaborating on HCT vehicles

The increasing amount of freight, congestion on the roads and environmental emissions are problems that high capacity vehicles, HCT vehicles, can contribute to solving.


VTI’s simulators are being used for emergency vehicles

Better accessibility and shorter response times for emergency vehicles – this is something that standardised, directed, traffic messages, transmitted over the 5G network can contribute. Within the EU project Nordic Way 2, a functioning prototype of such a...


Modal shift - a way to achieve the environmental objectives

Shifting freight transports from road to rail and water can contribute to achieving the Swedish environmental and climate objectives by 2030. How this could be done is something that VTI researchers and researchers from Gothenburg University are investigating...


Report regarding government commission on the costs of traffic to society has been submitted

Since 2013, the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has had several government commissions to produce documentation on the costs to society caused by traffic. On 1 November 2018, the agency reported its latest commission, Samkost 3....


International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.