On Forecasting the Resilient Modulus from the CBR Value of Granular Bases

Publisher's full text

The unbound granular materials (UGM), base and subbase layers, play an essential role in the overall structural performance of thin pavement structures. They show complex stress dependent elasto-plastic behaviour under external loading. Therefore the UGM are commonly tested using the Repeated Load Triaxial (RLT) testing method to estimate the stiffness of the material by applying haversine loading pulses.

The RLT testing method represents the actual stress situation quite adequately and gives satisfactorily estimates of the stiffness characteristics of UGM. A simple test that has been used for a long time in structural design of flexible pavements is the CBR (California Bearing Ratio) test. In the CBR test, the load-deformation curve is acquired while a plunger is penetrated into the material at a constant rate. In the literature one can find a number of relationships for UGM where the CBR value is used to predict the stiffness. These connections usually do not take into account that stiffness of UGM is both stress and moisture dependent.

To investigate if a relationship between the two tests exists, twenty materials have been tested with both methods and the test results compared. The materials were of varying quality and were tested at four different moisture contents. The results indicate that a simple power law can be used to forecast the stiffness if the CBR-value is known.

LATEST NEWS


2017-11-30

Millions for research into maritime transport and the environment

Maritime transport is a major source of emissions of harmful air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In a new project, a research team from the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) and the University of Gothenburg has received SEK 6.4...


2017-11-30

New research programme for more efficient travel

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) is playing an important role in a major new research programme to find radical solutions leading to fewer trips and more efficient travel, along with tools to enable better use of roads and...


2017-11-30

Simulator used to practice emergency responses safely

Emergency responses of the police, ambulance, and rescue services are associated with a high risk of accidents, but practicing them in real traffic is neither safe nor permissible. A simulator-based method developed by the Swedish National Road and Transport...


2017-10-26

Simulation of cut-in by manually driven vehicles in platooning scenarios

A study in a VTI-driving simulator has showed that a platoon will be able to handle a cut in from a manually driven car. The results of this study have recently been presented at two conferences in Japan.


2017-10-16

ERPUG Forum

The five-year anniversary of European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017.


2017-09-29

Self-driving buses in Sweden next year?

A self-driving, fossil-free bus. This idea might become reality through a forthcoming collaborative project involving the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping University and several other participants. The project group aim...