Olycksrisk vid lokala ojämnheter och andra ytdefekter


This study has examined, in particular, the effect road surface “local unevenness” has on traffic accident risk. Effects from other road surface defects were also considered but to a lesser extent. Test results are non-significant when considering if local unevenness has any main effect. Local unevenness has also not been chosen as part of any significant term of higher order. The analysis provides no support that local unevenness influences the risk of accidents. With regards to other variables related to the road or road surface, there is a negative correlation between rut depth and accident risk, and a positive correlation between longitudinal gradient and accident risk. Accident risk varies in correlation with IRI (International roughness index) and the permitted speed limit in a way that implies that risk decreases with higher speed and low IRI, and higher IRI and low speed. The risk increases when both IRI and speed increase. Precipitation information is an example of a variable that has been included in the analysis but is not related to the road or road surface. Data indicates that accident risk is lower in places where heavy rainfall often occurs.



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