Motion sickness in tilting trains: description and analysis of the present knowledge: literature study

Download
Rickard Persson

Carbody tilting is today a mature and inexpensive technology allowing higher speeds in curves and thus reduced travel time. The technology is accepted by most train operators, but motion sickness is an issue still holding back the full potential of tilting trains. Evidence of motion sickness has been reported in air, in space, at sea, on cars, on trains, at fairground rides etc. There are more reports of motion sickness in tilting trains than in non-tilted trains, and the share of passengers getting motion sick is also higher in tilting trains. Motion sickness resulting from provocative experiments in laboratories is one very important key in finding the cause of motion sickness as provocative motions can be isolated in laboratories but not in real environments. Laboratory tests have proven that translations in all directions can cause motion sickness. Rotations seam to have less correlation with motion sickness than translations. However, all the laboratory tests causing motion sickness have been performed at amplitudes higher than amplitudes measured in tilting trains. Combinations of motions, in particular translations combined with rotations, may be the cause of motion sickness in tilting trains as combinations of motions are recognized as effective in creating motion sickness. The report has two main parts. The first part, chapters 2 and 3, covers the knowledge found in the literature and the experiences from tests performed in laboratories. Also reported and discussed are the issues where motion sickness has been found to appear, the character of the motions involved, different hypotheses for the causation of motion sickness as well as its time dependence. The second part, chapters 4 and 5, reports on specific motion quantities for tilting trains and their relations to motions known to cause motion sickness in laboratories. This part ends up with conclusions based on the literature and the analyses made.

MEET US


5-6
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.
25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2018-11-19

Report regarding government commission on the costs of traffic to society has been submitted

Since 2013, the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has had several government commissions to produce documentation on the costs to society caused by traffic. On 1 November 2018, the agency reported its latest commission, Samkost 3....


2018-10-29

International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.


2018-10-24

China wants to work with the best

Through the CTS cooperation, VTI is gaining valuable research contacts with China. The country is facing major challenges in the field of road safety but also has enormous potential.


2018-10-23

VTI participated in conference on electric roads

Systems with electrified roads are a relatively new concept and many projects have been launched in recent years. To stimulate the transfer of knowledge and collaboration, the Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged its second...


2018-10-18

ADAS&ME is tackling the interaction between people and technology

ADAS&ME is a major EU project focused on automation, the human condition and the human environment. The budget is EUR 9.6 million and VTI is the coordinator.


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...