Mobility in different generations of older persons: The development of daily travel in different cohorts in Denmark, Norway and Sweden

Publisher's full text
Randi Hjorthol
Anu Siren

In the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden, the proportion of older people in the total population is expected to reach about 25% in 2060. The ageing of the population has a variety of social implications. One aspect of population ageing that has relatively little attention in the Scandinavian countries is the question of everyday mobility. The purpose of this paper is to get a better understanding of the activity and travel patterns of different groups of older people, examine how travel- and activity patterns are developing during the life course, study the changes over time and how the "new" generations of older people behave compared to the older ones. The method used is cohort analysis of National Travel Surveys from the three countries in a 20 years perspective. Results show a significant period effect in car ownership and use among older people in Denmark. Norway and Sweden with a clear increase during the past 20 years. This is especially true for women. The increase in the number of driver's licence-holders and car availability is reflected in travel mode choice among older people: both men and women maintain their car-use habits at old age. Another clear finding is that older people today travel more than the comparable age groups 20-25 years ago: everyday trip rates are higher and activities outside home are more common. While commuting and work-related trips decline after retirement, shopping and leisure trips do not start to decline before high age. From the cohort analysis we see that leisure and shopping trips are maintained in the period after retirement, and the car is important to reach shopping malls, health service, leisure activities, visit relatives and other social company.

MEET US


9-12
Jun

Global Public Transport Summit

On 9-12 June 2019, the international public transport community, mobility decision makers and industry suppliers will come together in Stockholm for the UITP Global Public Transport Summit. VTI will be represented in the conference exhibition.
8-9
Oct

Social sustainability and just mobility

Welcome to a research workshop on Social sustainability and just mobility, 8–9 October 2019 in Linköping, Sweden
16-18
Oct

European Road Profile User's Group, ERPUG

Welcome to the sixth ERPUG meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania. 

LATEST NEWS


2019-05-09

Knowledge in the fight against microplastics from road traffic

The Government has commissioned VTI to develop and disseminate knowledge regarding the emission of microplastics from road traffic.


2019-05-07

How to make autonomous vehicles coexist with other traffic

The road infrastructure must be prepared for self-driving vehicles – especially in the beginning when the concepts are still new. Researchers are contributing to this through CoEXist, an EU-funded research project in which VTI participates as the largest...


2019-05-03

Electric roads: ‘Standardisation is an important factor for a future European transport system’

VTI employees recently arranged a workshop in Brussels on the standardisation of Electric Road Systems (ERS). ERS has become increasingly relevant as a possible method for reducing the transport sector's environmental impacts, especially in terms of climate...


2019-04-23

Research on passenger and freight transport research

Shift2Rail is a European railway project that works actively to create innovations within the railway sector. IMPACT-2 is a project within Shift2Rail that follows and evaluates the innovation projects. How are the innovations coming along? Are they beneficial...


2019-04-01

How vehicles can avoid accidents on newly paved roads

Friction is an important property for road safety. VTI has investigated how roads change in the first few weeks after surfacing work has been completed. Researchers recommend posting warning signs when the road is opened and waiting at least three weeks to...


2019-03-22

VTI contributes to study on older drivers and accidents

On behalf of and in collaboration with the Swedish Transport Agency, VTI has carried out a study of older drivers and the link between illness and traffic accidents. The Transport Agency has now published the results.