Mobilitet och transportlösningar på landsbygd: en internationell litteraturstudie

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On behalf of the Swedish government, VTI has the commission to implement a study on effective and innovative solutions that can enhance people’s willingness and ability to use public transportation in rural areas. This literature review is part of the commission and aims to describe the state of the art and to highlight the problems that have been focused in research on rural transport in recent years. The aim is to get in-depth and comprehensive knowledge about research on public transport in rural areas, about mobility among people living in rural areas and solutions available for future mobility and accessibility in rural areas. The research questions that are highlighted are:

• What issues and problems have researchers in this field been interested in? Which social groups have been particularly focused?

• What is the situation with respect to mobility among various social groups in rural areas? How do they solve their everyday transports and what constraints for mobility and accessibility do they experience?

• What solutions have been tested in rural areas and what are the results?

No specific definition of rural areas is used in the study since the search criteria would be too narrow. The searches have been concentrated to publications from the year 2000 and onwards. The final number of articles that were selected as relevant in order to answer the aim and research questions was 27. Most studies (15 articles) were conducted in the United Kingdom.

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