Miljövänligare transporter?: Mål- och intressekonflikter i kommunala och regionala besluts- och planeringsprocesser

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The purpose of this report is to analyse how conflicting objectives and interests affect the possibilities for creating more environmentally friendly transport systems at the local and regional level in Sweden. The issues are addressed through an analysis of the decision-making and planning processes at two local authorities – Örebro and Borlänge – and one region, Skåne. These three examples together show how a local authority’s economic motives need to be managed and regulated in order to facilitate an increased rate of conversion to more environmentally friendly transport systems. There are at least two ways to achieve this. The first is to change the legislation and regulations governing local authority decision-making and planning. It would, for example, be possible to regulate retail development through new legislation; apart from ensuring cooperation between local authorities, it would influence the power relationships between companies and local authorities, which at present allow businesses to play authorities off against one another. Revised legislation could restrict the ‘planning monopoly’ held by local authorities. Such restrictions are a highly controversial issue, and attract very little political support. Another way to tackle the problem would therefore be to work within the framework of existing legislation and to use the local authorities’ economic motives to put in place more environmentally friendly social planning. The example of public transport regulation, regional cooperation, and social planning in Skåne shows that this can be one possible way forward in order to enhance decision-making and planning as seen from an environmental perspective.

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