Miljöpolitik på samhällsekonomisk grund: en fallstudie om styrmedlet miljökvalitetsnormer för partiklar och kvävedioxid

Download

The purpose of the present project is to examine whether or not economic analysis and quantified assessments have been part of the information used when designing and implementing these environmental quality standards for nitrodioxid and particles in air. Such assessments arc regularly used in the transport sector in Sweden but several studies in Sweden and abroad have found that this is not the case for environmental policies. Most of these studies argue that this type of information is important for an efficient design of policy instruments and abatement measures. Efficient policy design was also considered an important part in the new environmental policy and the Swedish EPA was commissioned to develop methods of integrating costs of environmental impacts into economic and social decision- making models but also to investigate the possibility to use economic policy instruments. A finding in this study is that the Environmental quality standards have resulted in a number of activities at different levels of society. At the municipality level measurements of air quality are undertaken and information on these levels is provided to the public, while the Swedish EPA develops regulations and also makes assessments and decides on research programmes. The impact of the standards on air quality and societal costs however has so far been limited since few of the abatement measures presented in the action programmes have been implemented and these are to some extent introduced for other reasons than air quality. There is however a risk that the Environmental quality standards have resulted in abatement measures which have had a minor impact on human health. The conclusion is that socioeconomic analysis and quantified assessments are and have been lacking in the decision making regarding environmental policies for improved air quality in Sweden. Therefore policy makers are not notified about possible conflicts between improvements in air quality and other objectives in society and neither are they notified about possible synergies between different abatement measures. Quantified economic analysis is used in the transport sector partly for the reason of assessing trade-offs and possible conflicts between different policy objectives. This is also likely to be an important aspect to consider in the design of environmental policies and it is therefore troublesome that this kind of a systematic approach to evaluation is not used on a regular basis.

MEET US


12-13
Feb

Winter Road Congress 2020

The congress is held in Tempere, Finland. Anna Niska, senior research leader at VTI, lectures on sweep-salting of cycleways.
12-13
May

Electric Road Systems Conference (ERSC2020)

Welcome to the 4th Electric Road Systems Conference (ERSC2020), 12–13 May 2020 in Lund, Sweden
25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2019-11-14

VTI and SAFER are organising the world’s largest traffic and transport psychology conference in Gothenburg

In August 2020, VTI and SAFER are organising the International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology (ICTTP) in Gothenburg. ICTTP is held every four years, and this year is the seventh conference.


2019-10-30

Kilometre tax is expected to have the greatest environmental impact

How can environmentally differentiated charges and other policy instruments reduce the freight transports' environmental impact? VTI has participated in a research project on this subject.


2019-10-28

Increasing cycling among the elderly

Cycling is good both for your health and the environment. It can give you freedom and the ability to get out and about, not least for the elderly. But with age, it can become harder to choose your bike over your car. Maybe your fitness and balance are not...


2019-10-25

VTI launches new research

VTI's ambition is to create cohesive maritime research in areas such as transport economics, logistics, environment, behavioural science, and navigation. One current assignment concerns the validation of research in a major international EU-project, Sea...


2019-10-23

New study examines the mental health of seamen

Working at sea and being away from home for long periods can be mentally straining. In a preparatory study, researchers at VTI will examine how prevalent mental ill health is among ship crews in Sweden, and how the shipping companies' preventative efforts are...


2019-10-21

Measurement of fatigue among bus drivers in London provides tools for better traffic safety

VTI has participated in a study of fatigue among London bus drivers. The study has given Transport for London the tools to implement measures that deal with fatigue among the city’s bus drivers.