Marginalkostnader för drift och underhåll av det nationella vägnätet: skattningar med data från 2004-–2009


Using observed costs for operation and maintenance of the Swedish national road network, together with information about the amount of traffic and a description about the road network for the period 2004–-2009 cost functions are estimated. From these functions cost elasticity is derived and marginal costs are computed. The results of the estimations from these years are in this study compared to analyses of a similar but older dataset covering the years 1998–-2002. The results are reasonably consistent in some cases while in other cases differences are found between the two datasets. Given the limited amount of empirical results about these issues, the differences are not strikingly large. No obvious contradictions between analyses based on the older and newer dataset are found. Our view is that results from the two datasets in some sense confirm each other, although more data is required to establish more precise estimates of cost elasticity and marginal costs. From the analyses performed in this study the marginal costs can be estimated within an interval corresponding to 5–30 percent of the average costs.

Our estimates show that marginal costs for operation and maintenance of the national road network are lower than the average costs (all elasticity is in the range 0.31–0.85). The cost increase in paved road maintenance resulting from an extra truck kilometer is about

0.21–0.32 Swedish crowns. For gravel roads the corresponding marginal cost is about

1.65–2.72 Swedish crowns. For operation measures the marginal cost is 0 Swedish crowns on paved roads and 0.15–0.24 Swedish crowns per vehicle kilometer on gravel roads. The per vehicle kilometer cost for winter maintenance is estimated to 0.01–0.02 Swedish crowns.



Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) workshop in Stockholm

An open seminar and workshop in Stockholm will be held on 25-26 April 2018. The workshop deals with the use of CBA as a basis for decision-making in the public sector. The workshop is organized by, among others, Professor Jan-Eric Nilsson, VTI.

The 6st Humanist Conference

The 6th HUMANIST Conference will take place 13-14 June 2018 in the Hague, The Netherlands. The scope of the conference covers a wide range of topics on Human Factors in Transport. Tania Willstrand and Alexander Eriksson will present their research results.



VTI will develop simulators for ambulance staff

VTI has initiated a pilot study for paramedics with the Centre for Teaching & Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology and Linköping University. The aim is to give ambulance staff the opportunity to practice critical medical tasks in a moving vehicle in...


Unique electrified road opens in Sweden

The world’s first electrified road recharging the batteries of cars and trucks while driving opened in Sweden. The Swedish Minister for Infrastructure, Tomas Eneroth, was at the formal inauguration of the electrified road on April 11, 2018. VTI is one of 22...


Swedish road safety spreads internationally

Sweden is a leading country in terms of road safety, and the research conducted by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has contributed to increased safety. VTI’s remit includes disseminating research results and keeping up to date...


A greater understanding of cyclists' behaviour

Cyclists are often accused of not following traffic rules and being hooligans on the road. New research shows that there is no support for this perception. "Our observations reveal no such general anarchy" says Sonja Forward, researcher at VTI.


New technology for road surface measurement tested

VTI has tested a new scanning-laser technology for road surface measurement. The tests show the new technology for comprehensive transverse-profile measurement provides dependable values in measuring transverse profile and rut depth.


Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018

VTI’s Senior Research Leader Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018 for his work on research into tyres and road surface.