Luftfartens marginalkostnader: en delrapport inom Samkost 2

Download

While a large amount of studies has been focused on assessing the marginal costs of using roads or railroads, the corresponding knowledge about aviation has been lacking. Among other things, there has not been a coherent view in literature about central issues such as the definition of the concept of infrastructure and how to handle international flights.

Another shortfall is due to the fact that previous studies have focused on calculating marginal costs for only one flight. These examples have then represented the whole variation of aircraft types and destinations that exists within Sweden. In this study, a first step has been taken towards a clearer picture by calculating the average marginal costs for climate change, negative health effects and negative noise effects of Swedish aviation. The results regarding climate show that the costs of domestic flights are small in comparison to European flights, which in turn are small compared to flights with destinations outside the EU. The variation between these categories shows that single examples can give a skewed picture of the actual marginal costs. It also shows that the difference between the above mentioned categories should be taken into account when evaluating policy measures.

The calculations of the costs of emissions that affect human health are done in a less reliable way, and therefore the estimates in this part should be interpreted as rough approximations.

MEET US


5-6
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.

LATEST NEWS


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...


2018-10-03

VR study to contribute to a better working environment for bus drivers

A study where bus drivers test autonomous driving in a VR environment may contribute to a better working environment with reduced stress on the driver and safer driving.


2018-10-02

Non-native plant species spread via transport systems

Researchers at VTI have compiled a report on non-native invasive plant species in Sweden and how they spread via transport systems.


2018-09-20

EU-project VIRTUAL: improving road safety with virtual crash tests

Crash tests are used to improve safety on roads. Therefore the EU now funds a research project to develop virtual methods of crash testing. VTI coordinates the project, called VIRTUAL. The project now invites experts interested in Human Body Modeling to join...


2018-08-28

EU project protects cyclists and pedestrians

According to the World Health Organisation, more than one quarter of road traffic fatalities in 2010 were pedestrians and cyclists. Every year, about 335,000 unprotected road users die because of traffic accidents, which shows the scale of the problem. The EU...


2018-08-21

Swedish organisations in EU project on traffic safety and crash testing

Crash safety testing is one of the tools used to improve safety on roads. The EU is therefore funding a research project that started recently to develop virtual methods of crash testing. The long-term goal is to supplement the physical evaluation of crash...