Lösningar för kollektivtrafik på landsbygd: det pågående arbetet i Sverige

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On behalf of the Swedish government, VTI has the commission to implement a study on effective and innovative solutions that can enhance people’s willingness and ability to use public transport in rural areas in Sweden. This part-study aims to identify good practises. A further aim is to study the regional public transport authorities’ work to identify solutions that are both attractive to travellers and economically effective. Three empirical sources are used: a survey directed to regional public transport authorities, interviews with officials at regional public transport authorities, and a study of projects and solutions in Sweden. In the interview study, three questions will be answered:

1. What challenges and preconditions do the regional public transport authorities have concerning public transport in rural areas? What sources do they have to solve eventual problems?

2. Do the regional public transport authorities have any strategies to conduct public transport in rural areas? If so, what are the strategies?

3. How does the organisational and economic coordination of different forms of transport work?

The results show that urban areas are often underprioritized in public transport planning. Scarce economical resources result in prioritizing urban transport and high costs and low funding are reasons why projects must end. There is still much to be done regarding demand-responsive transport, for example, digital solutions are so far used to a very little extent. It has also been shown that the interest in car-sharing has been weak. To increase accessibility in rural areas, a combination of services needs to be introduced such as shopping, postal services and healthcare as well as mobility services.

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