Kollektivtrafikens betydelse för mobilitet och vardagsaktiviteter hos hushåll på landsbygd: intervjustudie

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On behalf of the government, VTI has the commission to implement a study on effective and innovative solutions that can enhance people’s willingness and ability to use public transport in rural areas in Sweden. This interview study is part of the commission and aims to highlight local examples of how access to transport meet the needs for mobility and participation in everyday activities among residents in rural areas. The following questions should be answered:

1) What positive and negative aspects of living in rural areas are described?

2) How are different modes of transport used?

3) To what extent can public transport meet their mobility needs?

The empirical material consists of interviews with people from 14 households living in rural areas that are close to urban neighborhoods. The rural areas are in the municipality of Kinda in Östergötland, Falun in Dalarna and Östersund in Jämtland. The results present positive and negative aspects of living in rural areas, the use of different transport modes, perceived restrictions and benefits of using public transport, the importance of the car and the informants' suggestions for solutions that could increase the use of public transport. Measures and improvements that can increase the ability to travel by public transport and reduce car trips are: public transport that connects rural areas with public transport hubs to increase access to high-demand routes; coordination between publicly funded school transport and public transport; access to shops and services at hubs; coordination between counties to offer efficient public transport to main urban centers, considering geographical proximity rather than administrative borders; and, integration of a wide variety of different mobility tools such as car-pooling, ride-sharing, public and demand-responsive public transport as well as bike rental services.

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