Impact of Water on the Response and Performance of a Pavement Structure in an Accelerated Test

Publisher's full text

An accelerated load test using a Heavy Vehicle Simulator (HVS) was performed with the objective of investigating the response behaviour and performance of a commonly used pavement structure in Sweden. The structure consists of 10 cm asphalt bound layers, divided into surface course and bitumen base, over granular base and subbase resting on sandy subgrade. The structure was instrumented to register stresses, strains and deflections during loading.

In the test more than 1,000,000 load cycles were applied. After applying the first 500,000 load cycles the water table was raised and a further 500,000 loading cycles were applied. Raising the groundwater table increased the rate of rutting developed in the structure in all unbound layers. A numerical analysis has been carried out to simulate the results.

First the response was simulated to get a general overall agreement of the pavement response and the parameters of the model. Thereafter the permanent deformation behaviour in the main test was simulated using a simple three-parameter work hardening model with two sets of parameters for the unbound layers, before and after the groundwater table was raised. The permanent deformation behaviour of all layers was thereafter modelled separately for the two steps.

Generally good agreement was established between the permanent deformation measurements and the calculations for all layers.

MEET US


5-6
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.
25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2018-10-29

International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.


2018-10-24

China wants to work with the best

Through the CTS cooperation, VTI is gaining valuable research contacts with China. The country is facing major challenges in the field of road safety but also has enormous potential.


2018-10-23

VTI participated in conference on electric roads

Systems with electrified roads are a relatively new concept and many projects have been launched in recent years. To stimulate the transfer of knowledge and collaboration, the Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged its second...


2018-10-18

ADAS&ME is tackling the interaction between people and technology

ADAS&ME is a major EU project focused on automation, the human condition and the human environment. The budget is EUR 9.6 million and VTI is the coordinator.


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...


2018-10-03

VR study to contribute to a better working environment for bus drivers

A study where bus drivers test autonomous driving in a VR environment may contribute to a better working environment with reduced stress on the driver and safer driving.