History and development of road safety in China

Download
Haitao Zhou
Jianjun Zhang

Road safety in China has made great improvements in recent years. The history of road safety in China is reviewed, including three stages. The characteristics of each stage are analyzed. The development of road safety in recent years is also analyzed. The changed road safety environments are analyzed, including fast economic development, fast increase of road mileage, rapid increase of motor vehicle ownership, and rapid growth of traffic volume. Although these bring the adverse effect to the road safety, road accidents in China significantly reduced, and accident rate and fatality rate significantly decreased. And the measures to improve road safety are listed.

While enjoying the convenience by road traffic, people are also exposed to road accidents. According to statistics of the Ministry of Public Security, from 1951 to 2011 (no statistics of road accidents in 1968 and 1969), China's total number of direct victims in road traffic accidents (don’t include that of be applicable for the simple disposal procedure, except otherwise stated. Same below) reached to 11.0223 million people, of whom 2.3012 million died and 8.7211 million injured, shown in Figure 1. It seems that a super large city has disappeared under the wheels. Over the past 60 years, an annual average of 39,000 people died of road traffic and 178,000 injured.

MEET US


19-20
Oct

ERPUG 2017

The five year anniversary of  European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017. 

LATEST NEWS


2017-07-05

Vehicle Driver Monitoring: sleepiness and cognitive load

To prevent road crashes it is important to understand driver related contributing factors, which have been suggested to be the critical reason in 94 per cent of crashes. The overall aim of the project Vehicle Driver Monitoring has been to advance the...


2017-06-29

Tomas Svensson new director-general

Tomas Svensson was today appointed Director-General of VTI. Tomas has been acting Director-General since January 2017. 


2017-05-30

Crash testing bicycles at VTI

For the first time single bicycle crashes have been simulated at the VTI crash safety laboratory.


2017-05-15

A case study exploring firefighters’ and municipal officials’ preparedness for electrical vehicles

A VTI-study presents a social perspective on new vehicle technology. It explores the self-reported preparedness of the fire departments (i.e., rescue services) in Sweden’s three largest cities regarding rescue operations involving electrical vehicles (EVs).


2017-05-02

Pioneering research on and about bicycles at VTI

Under what circumstances might cyclists lose tyre grip? What actions could then be taken to prevent a crash? VTI is currently developing a theoretical model of the behaviour of bicycle tyres during braking and steering in different situations and on different...


2017-05-02

Virtual pedestrians create efficient stations

If more people are to choose sustainable travel, then the public transport stations of the future must be designed so that pedestrians can get where they are going quickly, without congestion or queues. The Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)...