History and development of road safety in China

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Haitao Zhou
Jianjun Zhang

Road safety in China has made great improvements in recent years. The history of road safety in China is reviewed, including three stages. The characteristics of each stage are analyzed. The development of road safety in recent years is also analyzed. The changed road safety environments are analyzed, including fast economic development, fast increase of road mileage, rapid increase of motor vehicle ownership, and rapid growth of traffic volume. Although these bring the adverse effect to the road safety, road accidents in China significantly reduced, and accident rate and fatality rate significantly decreased. And the measures to improve road safety are listed.

While enjoying the convenience by road traffic, people are also exposed to road accidents. According to statistics of the Ministry of Public Security, from 1951 to 2011 (no statistics of road accidents in 1968 and 1969), China's total number of direct victims in road traffic accidents (don’t include that of be applicable for the simple disposal procedure, except otherwise stated. Same below) reached to 11.0223 million people, of whom 2.3012 million died and 8.7211 million injured, shown in Figure 1. It seems that a super large city has disappeared under the wheels. Over the past 60 years, an annual average of 39,000 people died of road traffic and 178,000 injured.

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