Hållbara turistresor i transportplaneringen: Analys och utvecklingsförslag

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Kerstin Robertson
Hans Antonson

Statistics show that tourism in Sweden is increasing, thus increasing its importance for the overall economy, exports and employment. However, tourism is also associated with environmental and other effects, for example from tourist travel. The objective of this study was to investigate how tourist travel and sustainable tourist travel are included in infrastructure planning and to identify potential development needs. The studies focus on regional and local planning, but also the national planning is addressed, and the need for coordination and cooperation in the planning is discussed. Two substudies, a document analysis and an interview study were conducted in four destinations (case studies) with different characteristics. These are Kiruna, Åre, Sälen and Vimmerby / Astrid Lindgren’s World. The study is part of a larger project, which is also published in a synthesis report.

The overall picture emerging from the interviews is a relatively fragmented planning. Many different perspectives and objectives need to be addressed in regional and local planning, but the level of knowledge in planning and access to or application of different planning support does not correspond to the needs. Several interviewees highlight “åtgärdsvalsstudier” as a good model for the development of grounds for decisions and priorities, and for cooperation between actors. Complemented with clearer central governance and support regarding priorities between different types of goals and objectives, for example sustainability, this may be a good model for further development of planning for including broader and additional perspectives, for example sustainability and tourism.

Further examples of identified development needs are clearer and explicit responsibility for tourism and sustainability in national planning, further development of processes, routines, information and communication in coordinated planning as well as better knowledge regarding the application of guidelines and tools in planning.

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