Hållbara turistresor i samhällsekonomisk analys

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Svante Mandell
Kerstin Robertson
Tobias Heldt

Statistics show that tourism in Sweden is increasing, thus increasing its importance for the overall economy, exports and employment. However, tourism is also associated with environmental and other effects, for example from tourist travel. This study investigated the possibility of using cost-benefit analysis (CBA) in planning to achieve more sustainable tourist travel. This was done by studying whether and how impacts related to tourism and tourist travel can be analysed using the methods routinely used in infrastructure investment planning, i.e. regulatory impact assessment (RIA) (samlad effektbedömning) including CBA. Opportunities and obstacles were evaluated, with particular attention to the environmental aspect of sustainability

The study was conducted as a theoretical analysis of how tourism and sustainability perspectives can be included in RIA. In addition, four different scenarios were analysed: relocation of the railway station in Kiruna, development of a new airport in Sälen, an extended county bus service in Åre and increased train traffic and an electric car pool in Vimmerby.

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