Godstransporter och samhällsekonomiska kalkyler

Download

The latest winters have caused problems for freight transport in Sweden. The subsequent discussion is about how well the freight transport is captured in the socioeconomic calculations, i.e. within cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of infrastructure investment and maintenance. Voices have been raised that there are major flaws. Such errors would mean that important freight-related investments are undervalued in the calculations. This study set out to provide an overview of how well the benefits and costs related to the transport of goods are reflected in the economic calculations. Sweden has a long tradition and a well-developed methodology to use CBAs in government infrastructure planning. Swedish infrastructure is primarily state funded, which means that the link between buyers and sellers is not direct. It is up to politicians to assess the demand for and potential benefits of transport. CBA is a tool to quantify the benefits to society of an infrastructure investment and compare it to the cost. If the benefits outweigh costs, it is justified to build/improve. The unit values for travel time savings and improved reliability used in the calculations are set by ASEK, an independent working group. The underlying transport forecasts and causes of effects are the responsibility of the Swedish Transport Administration. One big benefit post in these calculations is time savings, i.e. that people and goods will arrive faster than before thanks to a new/improved road or railway. To estimate these values, appraisal studies focus on how people value that they arrive earlier or companies that their goods arrive earlier. Basically, answering the question how much money you are willing to pay to reduce transport time by e.g. an hour? It is reasonable to believe that willingness to pay differs between different persons and companies. The discussions after the problematic winters have been about how companies value reliability of the infrastructure and if these values are incorporated in the CBAs. The concept of reliability is to avoid delays and cancellations, i.e. to be able to trust that transports go according to plan.

MEET US


25-26
Apr

Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) workshop in Stockholm

An open seminar and workshop in Stockholm will be held on 25-26 April 2018. The workshop deals with the use of CBA as a basis for decision-making in the public sector. The workshop is organized by, among others, Professor Jan-Eric Nilsson, VTI.
13-14
Jun

The 6st Humanist Conference

The 6th HUMANIST Conference will take place 13-14 June 2018 in the Hague, The Netherlands. The scope of the conference covers a wide range of topics on Human Factors in Transport. Tania Willstrand and Alexander Eriksson will present their research results.

LATEST NEWS


2018-04-17

VTI will develop simulators for ambulance staff

VTI has initiated a pilot study for paramedics with the Centre for Teaching & Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology and Linköping University. The aim is to give ambulance staff the opportunity to practice critical medical tasks in a moving vehicle in...


2018-04-12

Unique electrified road opens in Sweden

The world’s first electrified road recharging the batteries of cars and trucks while driving opened in Sweden. The Swedish Minister for Infrastructure, Tomas Eneroth, was at the formal inauguration of the electrified road on April 11, 2018. VTI is one of 22...


2018-04-11

Swedish road safety spreads internationally

Sweden is a leading country in terms of road safety, and the research conducted by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has contributed to increased safety. VTI’s remit includes disseminating research results and keeping up to date...


2018-04-06

A greater understanding of cyclists' behaviour

Cyclists are often accused of not following traffic rules and being hooligans on the road. New research shows that there is no support for this perception. "Our observations reveal no such general anarchy" says Sonja Forward, researcher at VTI.


2018-03-28

New technology for road surface measurement tested

VTI has tested a new scanning-laser technology for road surface measurement. The tests show the new technology for comprehensive transverse-profile measurement provides dependable values in measuring transverse profile and rut depth.


2018-03-15

Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018

VTI’s Senior Research Leader Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018 for his work on research into tyres and road surface.