God biltillgänglighet eller god miljö i centrum?

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Eva Gustavsson

A large majority prefers a reduction in car traffic and better conditions for cycling, walking and public transport in the city centre. Most individuals prefer to have this achieved by means of speed restrictions and physical modifications of streets rather than by means of road pricing. Women seem to be ready to accept restrictions for car traffic more often than men. Other investigations indicate that women on average are more conscious of the environment and this could also be a factor important for the answers in our questionnaire. On the other hand, men drive cars more than women and restrictions for car use would consequently affect men more.

Accessibility for cars and a nice local environment are both valuable amenities for most people and some companies. These two amenities are however difficult to create at the same time in the same place. The dual aim of this questionnaire study is to develop an instrument for measuring the opinion of the public in such tradeoffs between private and collective goods, and to investigate what restrictions for car traffic are acceptable to the public given that these restrictions contribute to creating collective goods of other kinds.

A questionnaire was sent to 1790 randomly chosen persons aged between 15 and 75 in the city of Linköping. They were asked to choose one of three scenarios, and also to mark what parts of these they liked or disliked. The distributions of votes over the three scenarios are to be found in the table below. Finally, they were asked to give their opinion in their own words of what was the best and the worst part of the scenario they had chosen. Several varieties of the questionnaire were sent out, among others one variety with coloured pictures and one with a more detailed introduction to the scenarios.

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